2-Azaallyl Anion Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of N-Sulfonyl Aziridines: One-Pot Synthesis of Primary Amine-Ended Telechelic Polyaziridines

Abstract
Using the easily accessible 2-azaallyl anions as initiators, the one-pot synthesis of well-defined primary amine-ended telechelic polyaziridines (α-NH2 PAzs) has been achieved through the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of N-sulfonyl aziridines followed by hydrolysis of the diphenylketimine moiety (- N=C - Ph2). The 2-azaallyl anions were synthesized from the reaction of diphenylketimine or N-[aryl-methylene]-α-phenylbenzenemethanamine with potassium bis(trimethylsilyl) amide (KHMDS) in situ and used to initiate the ROP of aziridines leading to well-defined α-(Ph2C=N)-α′-aryl-ω-NH PAzs. Along with the diphenylketimine group (- N=C - Ph2), aryl functionalities, such as pyridine and triphenylphosphine moieties, can also be incorporated to the chain end. Chain extension has been applied for the synthesis of poly(N-sulfonyl aziridine)-block-poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PAz-b-PCL) block copolymers by utilization of the primary amine end group as initiating sites for the ROP of ϵ-caprolactone catalyzed by tin 2-ethyl hexanoate (SnOct2). Taking advantage of this synthetic approach, core cross-linked multiarm star (CCS) polymers with an outermost shell having amino and triphenylphosphine functionalities have been synthesized via "arm-first" strategy.

Citation
Wang, Y., Yang, R., Luo, W., Li, Z., Zhang, Z., Wu, C., & Hadjichristidis, N. (2019). 2-Azaallyl Anion Initiated Ring-Opening Polymerization of N-Sulfonyl Aziridines: One-Pot Synthesis of Primary Amine-Ended Telechelic Polyaziridines. Macromolecules, 52(10), 3888–3896. doi:10.1021/acs.macromol.9b00639

Publisher
American Chemical Society (ACS)

Journal
MACROMOLECULES

DOI
10.1021/acs.macromol.9b00639

Additional Links
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.macromol.9b00639

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