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dc.contributor.authorLi, Zhen
dc.contributor.authorLi, Chunyang
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Xiaowei
dc.contributor.authorCao, Li
dc.contributor.authorLi, Peipei
dc.contributor.authorWei, Ruicong
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xiang
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Dong
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Kuo-Wei
dc.contributor.authorLai, Zhiping
dc.date.accessioned2021-06-14T12:54:13Z
dc.date.available2021-06-14T12:54:13Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.date.submitted2021-02-03
dc.identifier.citationLi, Z., Li, C., Liu, X., Cao, L., Li, P., Wei, R., … Lai, Z. (2021). Continuous electrical pumping membrane process for seawater lithium mining. Energy & Environmental Science, 14(5), 3152–3159. doi:10.1039/d1ee00354b
dc.identifier.issn1754-5706
dc.identifier.issn1754-5692
dc.identifier.doi10.1039/d1ee00354b
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669575
dc.description.abstractSeawater contains significantly larger quantities of lithium than is found on land, thereby providing an almost unlimited resource of lithium for meeting the rapid growth in demand for lithium batteries. However, lithium extraction from seawater is exceptionally challenging because of its low concentration (~0.1-0.2 ppm) and an abundance of interfering ions. Herein, we creatively employed a solid-state electrolyte membrane, and design a continuous electrically-driven membrane process, which successfully enriches lithium from seawater samples of the Red Sea by 43?000 times (i.e., from 0.21 to 9013.43 ppm) with a nominal Li/Mg selectivity >45 million. Lithium phosphate with a purity of 99.94% was precipitated directly from the enriched solution, thereby meeting the purity requirements for application in the lithium battery industry. Furthermore, a preliminary economic analysis shows that the process can be made profitable when coupled with the Chlor-alkali industry.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was financially supported by the KAUST baseline fund BAS/1/1375-01 and the KAUST competitive research fund URF/1/3769-01.
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
dc.relation.urlhttp://xlink.rsc.org/?DOI=D1EE00354B
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/
dc.titleContinuous electrical pumping membrane process for seawater lithium mining
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentKAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
dc.contributor.departmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentChemical Engineering Program
dc.identifier.journalEnergy and Environmental Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.identifier.volume14
dc.identifier.issue5
dc.identifier.pages3152-3159
kaust.personLi, Zhen
kaust.personLi, Chunyang
kaust.personLiu, Xiaowei
kaust.personCao, Li
kaust.personLi, Peipei
kaust.personWei, Ruicong
kaust.personLi, Xiang
kaust.personGuo, Dong
kaust.personHuang, Kuo-Wei
kaust.personLai, Zhiping
kaust.grant.numberBAS/1/1375-01
kaust.grant.numberURF/1/3769-01.
dc.date.accepted2021-03-30
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85107304831
refterms.dateFOA2021-06-14T12:56:04Z
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitBAS
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST baseline fund


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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence.
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