Development of the myzozoan aquatic parasite Perkinsus marinus as a versatile experimental genetic model organism
Gornik, Sebastian G
Waller, Ross F
KAUST DepartmentBioscience Program
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669535
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AbstractThe phylum Perkinsozoa is an aquatic parasite lineage that has devastating effects on commercial and natural mollusc populations, and also comprises parasites of algae, fish and amphibians. They are related to, and share much of their biology with, dinoflagellates and apicomplexans and thus offer excellent genetic models for both parasitological and evolutionary studies. Genetic transformation has been previously achieved for select Perkinsus spp. but with few tools for transgene expression and only limited selection efficacy. We thus sought to expand the power of experimental genetic tools for Perkinsus marinus — the principal perkinsozoan model to date. We constructed a modular plasmid assembly system that enables expression of multiple genes simultaneously. We developed an efficient selection system for three drugs, puromycin, bleomycin and blasticidin, that achieves transformed cell populations in as little as three weeks. We developed and quantified eleven new promoters of variable expression strength. Furthermore, we identified that genomic integration of transgenes is predominantly via non-homologous recombination and often involves transgene fragmentation including deletion of some introduced elements. To counter these dynamic processes, we show that bi-cistronic transcripts using the viral 2A peptides can couple selection systems to the maintenance of the expression of a transgene of interest. Collectively, these new tools and insights provide new capacity to efficiently genetically modify and study Perkinsus as an aquatic parasite and evolutionary model.
CitationEinarsson, E., Lassadi, I., Zielinski, J., Guan, Q., Wyler, T., Pain, A., … Waller, R. F. (2021). Development of the myzozoan aquatic parasite Perkinsus marinus as a versatile experimental genetic model organism. doi:10.1101/2021.06.11.447996
PublisherCold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Archived with thanks to Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory. The copyright holder for this preprint is the author/funder, who has granted bioRxiv a license to display the preprint in perpetuity. It is made available under a CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 International license.