Chemiluminescence signature of premixed ammonia-methane-air flames
KAUST DepartmentClean Combustion Research Center
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
high-pressure combustion (HPC) Research Group
KAUST Grant NumberBAS/1/1370-01-01
Online Publication Date2021-06-07
Print Publication Date2021-09
Embargo End Date2023-06-07
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669448
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AbstractThis paper reports on the chemiluminescence footprint of premixed ammonia-methane-air flames. The chemiluminescence spectrum of laminar twin-flames stabilized with a counterflow burner were measured between 200 and 457 nm for large ranges of equivalence ratio (0.60 ≤ ϕ ≤ 1.30), ammonia fraction (pure methane to pure ammonia), and strain rate (55/s ≤ a ≤ 300/s). Relevant excited radicals were identified, namely, NO*, OH*, NH*, CN*, CH*, and CO2* and evolutions of their chemiluminescence intensity were analyzed as a function of equivalence ratio, ammonia fraction, and strain rate. These measurements produced an unprecedented database on the chemiluminescence of ammonia-methane-air flames, which could be used in the future for model validation. A total of 15 ratios of chemiluminescence intensity were also considered and 5 ratios showing promise for the development of chemiluminescence-based flame sensors were identified. The CN*/OH* ratio is a potential surrogate for equivalence ratio even if the ammonia fuel fraction in the fuel blend is not known accurately – as long as it exceeds 0.3 by volume. The CN*/NO* ratio is another possible surrogate for equivalence ratio if the ammonia fraction in the fuel blend is below 0.5. The OH*/CH* ratio, often used to sense equivalence ratio in hydrocarbons flames, is not recommended for ammonia-methane flames. The NH*/CN* ratio is a potential surrogate for the ammonia fraction in the fuel blend if equivalence ratio is larger than ϕ = 0.7 and if the ammonia fraction in the fuel blend is below 0.4. Other ratios may be combined to provide a simultaneous measure of equivalence ratio and ammonia fraction in the fuel blend with an extended range of validity, for example NH*/OH* and CN*/NH*.
CitationZhu, X., Khateeb, A. A., Roberts, W. L., & Guiberti, T. F. (2021). Chemiluminescence signature of premixed ammonia-methane-air flames. Combustion and Flame, 231, 111508. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2021.111508
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) under grant number BAS/1/1370-01-01. We thank Prof. G. Magnotti from KAUST for his contribution to the burner design.
JournalCombustion and Flame