Defect engineering of photocatalysts for solar-driven conversion of CO2 into valuable fuels
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Membranes and Porous Materials Research Center
Chemical Science Program
Nanostructured Functional Materials (NFM) laboratory
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669337
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AbstractPhotoreduction of CO2 into valuable fuels is a clean and sustainable way to mitigate the energy crisis and environmental problems. Factors limiting the efficiency of CO2 photoreduction include narrow-band light absorption, poor charge carrier separation and transport, and sluggish activation/reaction of CO2 on the surface of photocatalyst. In recent years, defect engineering of photocatalysts emerges as an effective method to improve their efficiency in the photocatalytic conversion of CO2 into useful fuels. This review is focused on discussing how structural defects can be used to modulate the electronic structure of the photocatalysts and activate the inert CO2 molecules. Special emphasis is placed on the important impact of defects on the charge carrier dynamics of the photocatalysts. Our discussions cover a variety of defective semiconductors, including metal oxides, metal sulfides, and two dimensional materials. In addition, the challenges and prospects of defect engineering in photoreduction of CO2 are also analyzed. This review aims to provide useful information about the fundamental principles of photoreduction of CO2 and guidance on the design and preparation of defective photocatalysts.
CitationHe, Y., Lei, Q., Li, C., Han, Y., Shi, Z., & Feng, S. (2021). Defect engineering of photocatalysts for solar-driven conversion of CO2 into valuable fuels. Materials Today. doi:10.1016/j.mattod.2021.03.021
SponsorsThis work was supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (no. 21771077, 21771084 and 21621001), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (no. 2016YFB0701100), the 111 project (no. B17020) and the Foundation of Science and Technology Development of Jilin Province, China (20200801004GH). The authors also gratefully acknowledge the financial support by Program for JLU Science and Technology Innovative Research Team (JLUSTIRT).