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dc.contributor.authorBates, Amanda E
dc.contributor.authorPrimack, Richard B
dc.contributor.authorBiggar, Brandy S
dc.contributor.authorBird, Tomas J
dc.contributor.authorClinton, Mary E
dc.contributor.authorCommand, Rylan J
dc.contributor.authorRichards, Cerren
dc.contributor.authorShellard, Marc
dc.contributor.authorGeraldi, Nathan R
dc.contributor.authorVergara, Valeria
dc.contributor.authorAcevedo-Charry, Orlando
dc.contributor.authorColón-Piñeiro, Zuania
dc.contributor.authorOcampo, David
dc.contributor.authorOcampo-Peñuela, Natalia
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Clavijo, Lina M
dc.contributor.authorAdamescu, Cristian M
dc.contributor.authorCheval, Sorin
dc.contributor.authorRacoviceanu, Tudor
dc.contributor.authorAdams, Matthew D
dc.contributor.authorKalisa, Egide
dc.contributor.authorKuuire, Vincent Z
dc.contributor.authorAditya, Vikram
dc.contributor.authorAnderwald, Pia
dc.contributor.authorWiesmann, Samuel
dc.contributor.authorWipf, Sonja
dc.contributor.authorBadihi, Gal
dc.contributor.authorHenderson, Matthew G
dc.contributor.authorLoetscher, Hanspeter
dc.contributor.authorBaerenfaller, Katja
dc.contributor.authorBenedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro
dc.contributor.authorBulleri, Fabio
dc.contributor.authorBertocci, Iacopo
dc.contributor.authorMaggi, Elena
dc.contributor.authorRindi, Luca
dc.contributor.authorRavaglioli, Chiara
dc.contributor.authorBoerder, Kristina
dc.contributor.authorBonnel, Julien
dc.contributor.authorMathias, Delphine
dc.contributor.authorArchambault, Philippe
dc.contributor.authorChauvaud, Laurent
dc.contributor.authorBraun, Camrin D
dc.contributor.authorThorrold, Simon R
dc.contributor.authorBrownscombe, Jacob W
dc.contributor.authorMidwood, Jonathan D
dc.contributor.authorBoston, Christine M
dc.contributor.authorBrooks, Jill L
dc.contributor.authorCooke, Steven J
dc.contributor.authorChina, Victor
dc.contributor.authorRoll, Uri
dc.contributor.authorBelmaker, Jonathan
dc.contributor.authorZvuloni, Assaf
dc.contributor.authorColl, Marta
dc.contributor.authorOrtega, Miquel
dc.contributor.authorConnors, Brendan
dc.contributor.authorLacko, Lisa
dc.contributor.authorJayathilake, Dinusha R M
dc.contributor.authorCostello, Mark J
dc.contributor.authorCrimmins, Theresa M
dc.contributor.authorBarnett, LoriAnne
dc.contributor.authorDenny, Ellen G
dc.contributor.authorGerst, Katharine L
dc.contributor.authorMarsh, R L
dc.contributor.authorPosthumus, Erin E
dc.contributor.authorRodriguez, Reilly
dc.contributor.authorRosemartin, Alyssa
dc.contributor.authorSchaffer, Sara N
dc.contributor.authorSwitzer, Jeff R
dc.contributor.authorWong, Kevin
dc.contributor.authorCunningham, Susan J
dc.contributor.authorSumasgutner, Petra
dc.contributor.authorAmar, Arjun
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Robert L
dc.contributor.authorStofberg, Miqkayla
dc.contributor.authorHofmeyr, Sally
dc.contributor.authorSuri, Jessleena
dc.contributor.authorStuart-Smith, Rick D
dc.contributor.authorDay, Paul B
dc.contributor.authorEdgar, Graham J
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Antonia T
dc.contributor.authorDe Leo, Fabio Cabrera
dc.contributor.authorGarner, Grant
dc.contributor.authorDes Brisay, Paulson G
dc.contributor.authorSchrimpf, Michael B
dc.contributor.authorKoper, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorDiamond, Michael S
dc.contributor.authorDwyer, Ross G
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Cameron J
dc.contributor.authorFranklin, Craig E
dc.contributor.authorEfrat, Ron
dc.contributor.authorBerger-Tal, Oded
dc.contributor.authorHatzofe, Ohad
dc.contributor.authorEguíluz, Víctor M
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Jorge P
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Gracia, Juan
dc.contributor.authorElustondo, David
dc.contributor.authorCalatayud, Vicent
dc.contributor.authorEnglish, Philina A
dc.contributor.authorArcher, Stephanie K
dc.contributor.authorDudas, Sarah E
dc.contributor.authorHaggarty, Dana R
dc.contributor.authorGallagher, Austin J
dc.contributor.authorShea, Brendan D
dc.contributor.authorShipley, Oliver N
dc.contributor.authorGilby, Ben L
dc.contributor.authorBallantyne, Jasmine
dc.contributor.authorOlds, Andrew D
dc.contributor.authorHenderson, Christopher J
dc.contributor.authorSchlacher, Thomas A
dc.contributor.authorHalliday, William D
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Nicholas A W
dc.contributor.authorWoods, Mackenzie B
dc.contributor.authorBalshine, Sigal
dc.contributor.authorJuanes, Francis
dc.contributor.authorRider, Mitchell J
dc.contributor.authorAlbano, Patricia S
dc.contributor.authorHammerschlag, Neil
dc.contributor.authorHays, Graeme C
dc.contributor.authorEsteban, Nicole
dc.contributor.authorPan, Yuhang
dc.contributor.authorHe, Guojun
dc.contributor.authorTanaka, Takanao
dc.contributor.authorHensel, Marc J S
dc.contributor.authorOrth, Robert J
dc.contributor.authorPatrick, Christopher J
dc.contributor.authorHentati-Sundberg, Jonas
dc.contributor.authorOlsson, Olof
dc.contributor.authorHessing-Lewis, Margot L
dc.contributor.authorHiggs, Nicholas D
dc.contributor.authorHindell, Mark A
dc.contributor.authorMcMahon, Clive R
dc.contributor.authorHarcourt, Rob
dc.contributor.authorGuinet, Christophe
dc.contributor.authorHirsch, Sarah E
dc.contributor.authorPerrault, Justin R
dc.contributor.authorHoover, Shelby R
dc.contributor.authorReilly, Jennifer D
dc.contributor.authorHobaiter, Catherine
dc.contributor.authorGruber, Thibaud
dc.contributor.authorHuveneers, Charlie
dc.contributor.authorUdyawer, Vinay
dc.contributor.authorClarke, Thomas M
dc.contributor.authorKroesen, Laura P
dc.contributor.authorHik, David S
dc.contributor.authorCherry, Seth G
dc.contributor.authorDel Bel Belluz, Justin A
dc.contributor.authorJackson, Jennifer M
dc.contributor.authorLai, Shengjie
dc.contributor.authorLamb, Clayton T
dc.contributor.authorLeClair, Gregory D
dc.contributor.authorParmelee, Jeffrey R
dc.contributor.authorChatfield, Matthew W H
dc.contributor.authorFrederick, Cheryl A
dc.contributor.authorLee, Sangdon
dc.contributor.authorPark, Hyomin
dc.contributor.authorChoi, Jaein
dc.contributor.authorLeTourneux, Frédéric
dc.contributor.authorGrandmont, Thierry
dc.contributor.authorde-Broin, Frédéric Dulude
dc.contributor.authorBêty, Joël
dc.contributor.authorGauthier, Gilles
dc.contributor.authorLegagneux, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Jesse S
dc.contributor.authorHaight, Jeffrey
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Zhu
dc.contributor.authorLyon, Jarod P
dc.contributor.authorHale, Robin
dc.contributor.authorD'Silva, Dallas
dc.contributor.authorMacGregor-Fors, Ian
dc.contributor.authorArbeláez-Cortés, Enrique
dc.contributor.authorEstela, Felipe A
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Sarria, Camilo E
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Arroyo, Michelle
dc.contributor.authorAguirre-Samboní, Giann K
dc.contributor.authorFranco Morales, Juan C
dc.contributor.authorMalamud, Shahar
dc.contributor.authorGavriel, Tal
dc.contributor.authorBuba, Yehezkel
dc.contributor.authorSalingré, Shira
dc.contributor.authorLazarus, Mai
dc.contributor.authorYahel, Ruthy
dc.contributor.authorAri, Yigael Ben
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Eyal
dc.contributor.authorSade, Rotem
dc.contributor.authorLavian, Guy
dc.contributor.authorBirman, Ziv
dc.contributor.authorGury, Manor
dc.contributor.authorBaz, Harel
dc.contributor.authorBaskin, Ilia
dc.contributor.authorPenn, Alon
dc.contributor.authorDolev, Amit
dc.contributor.authorLicht, Ogen
dc.contributor.authorKarkom, Tabi
dc.contributor.authorDavidzon, Sharon
dc.contributor.authorBerkovitch, Avi
dc.contributor.authorYaakov, Ofer
dc.contributor.authorManenti, Raoul
dc.contributor.authorMori, Emiliano
dc.contributor.authorFicetola, Gentile Francesco
dc.contributor.authorLunghi, Enrico
dc.contributor.authorMarch, David
dc.contributor.authorGodley, Brendan J
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Cecilia
dc.contributor.authorMihaly, Steven F
dc.contributor.authorBarclay, David R
dc.contributor.authorThomson, Dugald J M
dc.contributor.authorDewey, Richard
dc.contributor.authorBedard, Jeannette
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Aroha
dc.contributor.authorDearden, Amber
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Jennifer
dc.contributor.authorDares, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorBorden, Laura
dc.contributor.authorGibbs, Donna
dc.contributor.authorSchultz, Jessica
dc.contributor.authorSergeenko, Nikita
dc.contributor.authorFrancis, Fiona
dc.contributor.authorWeltman, Amanda
dc.contributor.authorMoity, Nicolas
dc.contributor.authorRamírez-González, Jorge
dc.contributor.authorMucientes, Gonzalo
dc.contributor.authorAlonso-Fernández, Alexandre
dc.contributor.authorNamir, Itai
dc.contributor.authorBar-Massada, Avi
dc.contributor.authorChen, Ron
dc.contributor.authorYedvab, Shmulik
dc.contributor.authorOkey, Thomas A
dc.contributor.authorOppel, Steffen
dc.contributor.authorArkumarev, Volen
dc.contributor.authorBakari, Samuel
dc.contributor.authorDobrev, Vladimir
dc.contributor.authorSaravia-Mullin, Victoria
dc.contributor.authorBounas, Anastasios
dc.contributor.authorDobrev, Dobromir
dc.contributor.authorKret, Elzbieta
dc.contributor.authorMengistu, Solomon
dc.contributor.authorPourchier, Cloé
dc.contributor.authorRuffo, Alazar
dc.contributor.authorTesfaye, Million
dc.contributor.authorWondafrash, Mengistu
dc.contributor.authorNikolov, Stoyan C
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Charles
dc.contributor.authorSileci, Lorenzo
dc.contributor.authorRex, Patrick T
dc.contributor.authorLowe, Christopher G
dc.contributor.authorPeters, Francesc
dc.contributor.authorPine, Matthew K
dc.contributor.authorRadford, Craig A
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Louise
dc.contributor.authorMcWhinnie, Lauren
dc.contributor.authorScuderi, Alessia
dc.contributor.authorJeffs, Andrew G
dc.contributor.authorPrudic, Kathleen L
dc.contributor.authorLarrivée, Maxim
dc.contributor.authorMcFarland, Kent P
dc.contributor.authorSolis, Rodrigo
dc.contributor.authorHutchinson, Rebecca A
dc.contributor.authorQueiroz, Nuno
dc.contributor.authorFurtado, Miguel A
dc.contributor.authorSims, David W
dc.contributor.authorSouthall, Emily
dc.contributor.authorQuesada-Rodriguez, Claudio A
dc.contributor.authorDiaz-Orozco, Jessica P
dc.contributor.authorRodgers, Ku'ulei S
dc.contributor.authorSeverino, Sarah J L
dc.contributor.authorGraham, Andrew T
dc.contributor.authorStefanak, Matthew P
dc.contributor.authorMadin, Elizabeth M P
dc.contributor.authorRyan, Peter G
dc.contributor.authorMaclean, Kyle
dc.contributor.authorWeideman, Eleanor A
dc.contributor.authorŞekercioğlu, Çağan H
dc.contributor.authorKittelberger, Kyle D
dc.contributor.authorKusak, Josip
dc.contributor.authorSeminoff, Jeffrey A
dc.contributor.authorHanna, Megan E
dc.contributor.authorShimada, Takahiro
dc.contributor.authorMeekan, Mark G
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Martin K S
dc.contributor.authorMokhatla, Mohlamatsane M
dc.contributor.authorSoh, Malcolm C K
dc.contributor.authorPang, Roanna Y T
dc.contributor.authorNg, Breyl X K
dc.contributor.authorLee, Benjamin P Y-H
dc.contributor.authorLoo, Adrian H B
dc.contributor.authorEr, Kenneth B H
dc.contributor.authorSouza, Gabriel B G
dc.contributor.authorStallings, Christopher D
dc.contributor.authorCurtis, Joseph S
dc.contributor.authorFaletti, Meaghan E
dc.contributor.authorPeake, Jonathan A
dc.contributor.authorSchram, Michael J
dc.contributor.authorWall, Kara R
dc.contributor.authorTerry, Carina
dc.contributor.authorRothendler, Matt
dc.contributor.authorZipf, Lucy
dc.contributor.authorUlloa, Juan Sebastián
dc.contributor.authorHernández-Palma, Angélica
dc.contributor.authorGómez-Valencia, Bibiana
dc.contributor.authorCruz-Rodríguez, Cristian
dc.contributor.authorHerrera-Varón, Yenifer
dc.contributor.authorRoa, Margarita
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez-Buriticá, Susana
dc.contributor.authorOchoa-Quintero, Jose Manuel
dc.contributor.authorVardi, Reut
dc.contributor.authorVázquez, Víctor
dc.contributor.authorRequena-Mesa, Christian
dc.contributor.authorWarrington, Miyako H
dc.contributor.authorTaylor, Michelle E
dc.contributor.authorWoodall, Lucy C
dc.contributor.authorStefanoudis, Paris V
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Xiangliang
dc.contributor.authorYang, Qiang
dc.contributor.authorZukerman, Yuval
dc.contributor.authorSigal, Zehava
dc.contributor.authorAyali, Amir
dc.contributor.authorClua, Eric E G
dc.contributor.authorCarzon, Pamela
dc.contributor.authorSeguine, Clementine
dc.contributor.authorCorradini, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorPedrotti, Luca
dc.contributor.authorFoley, Catherine M
dc.contributor.authorGagnon, Catherine Alexandra
dc.contributor.authorPanipakoochoo, Elijah
dc.contributor.authorMilanes, Celene B
dc.contributor.authorBotero, Camilo M
dc.contributor.authorVelázquez, Yunior R
dc.contributor.authorMilchakova, Nataliya A
dc.contributor.authorMorley, Simon A
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Stephanie M
dc.contributor.authorNanni, Veronica
dc.contributor.authorOtero, Tanya
dc.contributor.authorWakeling, Julia
dc.contributor.authorAbarro, Sarah
dc.contributor.authorPiou, Cyril
dc.contributor.authorSobral, Ana F L
dc.contributor.authorSoto, Eulogio H
dc.contributor.authorWeigel, Emily G
dc.contributor.authorBernal-Ibáñez, Alejandro
dc.contributor.authorGestoso, Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorCacabelos, Eva
dc.contributor.authorCagnacci, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorDevassy, Reny Palliparambil
dc.contributor.authorLoretto, Matthias-Claudio
dc.contributor.authorMoraga, Paula
dc.contributor.authorRutz, Christian
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2021-05-30T10:55:30Z
dc.date.available2021-05-30T10:55:30Z
dc.date.issued2021-05-26
dc.date.submitted2021-05-04
dc.identifier.citationBates, Primack, R. B., Biggar, B. S., Bird, T. J., Clinton, M. E., Command, R. J., Richards, C., Shellard, M., Geraldi, N. R., Vergara, V., Acevedo-Charry, O., Colón-Piñeiro, Z., Ocampo, D., Ocampo-Peñuela, N., Sánchez-Clavijo, L. M., Adamescu, C. M., Cheval, S., Racoviceanu, T., Adams, M. D., … Anderwald, P. (2021). Global COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment. Biological Conservation, 263, 109175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109175
dc.identifier.issn0006-3207
dc.identifier.pmid34035536
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109175
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/669287
dc.description.abstractThe global lockdown to mitigate COVID-19 pandemic health risks has altered human interactions with nature. Here, we report immediate impacts of changes in human activities on wildlife and environmental threats during the early lockdown months of 2020, based on 877 qualitative reports and 332 quantitative assessments from 89 different studies. Hundreds of reports of unusual species observations from around the world suggest that animals quickly responded to the reductions in human presence. However, negative effects of lockdown on conservation also emerged, as confinement resulted in some park officials being unable to perform conservation, restoration and enforcement tasks, resulting in local increases in illegal activities such as hunting. Overall, there is a complex mixture of positive and negative effects of the pandemic lockdown on nature, all of which have the potential to lead to cascading responses which in turn impact wildlife and nature conservation. While the net effect of the lockdown will need to be assessed over years as data becomes available and persistent effects emerge, immediate responses were detected across the world. Thus, initial qualitative and quantitative data arising from this serendipitous global quasi-experimental perturbation highlights the dual role that humans play in threatening and protecting species and ecosystems. Pathways to favorably tilt this delicate balance include reducing impacts and increasing conservation effectiveness.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe Canada Research Chairs program provided funding for the core writing team. Field research funding was provided by A.G. Leventis Foundation; Agence Nationale de la Recherche, [grant number ANR-18-32–0010CE-01 (JCJC PEPPER)]; Agencia Estatal de Investigaci; Agência Regional para o Desenvolvimento da Investigação Tecnologia e Inovação (ARDITI), [grant number M1420-09-5369-FSE-000002]; Alan Peterson; ArcticNet; Arkadaşlar; Army Corp of Engineers; Artificial Reef Program; Australia's Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), National Collaborative; Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS), University of Tasmania; Australian Institute of Marine Science; Australian Research Council, [grant number LP140100222]; Bai Xian Asia Institute; Batubay Özkan; BC Hydro Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program; Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; Bertarelli Foundation; Bertarelli Programme in Marine Science; Bilge Bahar; Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; Biology Society of South Australia; Boston University; Burak Över; California State Assembly member Patrick O'Donnell; California State University Council on Ocean Affairs, Science & Technology; California State University Long Beach; Canada Foundation for Innovation (Major Science Initiative Fund and funding to Oceans Network Canada), [grant number MSI 30199 for ONC]; Cape Eleuthera Foundation; Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; Charles Darwin Foundation, [grant number 2398]; Colombian Institute for the Development of Science and Technology (COLCIENCIAS), [grant number 811–2018]; Colombian Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development, [grant number 0041–2020]; Columbia Basin Trust; Commission for Environmental Cooperation; Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Cultural practices and environmental certification of beaches, Universidad de la Costa, Colombia, [grant number INV.1106–01–002-15, 2020–21]; Department of Conservation New Zealand; Direction de l'Environnement de Polynésie Française; Disney Conservation Fund; DSI-NRF Centre of; Excellence at the FitzPatrick Institute of African Ornithology; Ecology Project International; Emin Özgür; Environment and Climate Change Canada; European Community: RTD programme - Species Support to Policies; European Community's Seventh Framework Programme; European Union; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, [grant number 798091, 794938]; Faruk Eczacıbaşı; Faruk Yalçın Zoo; Field research funding was provided by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology; Fish and Wildlife Compensation Program; Fisheries and Oceans Canada; Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, [grant numbers FWC-12164, FWC-14026, FWC-19050]; Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional; Fonds québécois de la recherche nature et technologies; Foundation Segré; Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT Portugal); Galapagos National Park Directorate research, [grant number PC-41-20]; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, [grant number GBMF9881 and GBMF 8072]; Government of Tristan da Cunha; Habitat; Conservation Trust Foundation; Holsworth Wildlife Research Endowment; Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas, Sevastopol, Russia; Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt; Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais (INPE), Brazil; Israeli Academy of Science's Adams Fellowship; King Family Trust; Labex, CORAIL, France; Liber Ero Fellowship; LIFE (European Union), [grant number LIFE16 NAT/BG/000874]; Mar'a de Maeztu Program for Units of Excellence in R&D; Ministry of Science and Innovation, FEDER, SPASIMM,; Spain, [grant number FIS2016–80067-P (AEI/FEDER, UE)]; MOE-Korea, [grant number 2020002990006]; Mohamed bin Zayed Species Conservation Fund; Montreal Space for Life; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Earth and Space Science Fellowship Program; National Geographic Society, [grant numbers NGS-82515R-20]; National Natural Science Fund of China; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration; National Parks Board, Singapore; National Science and Technology Major Project of China; National Science Foundation, [grant number DEB-1832016]; Natural Environment Research Council of the UK; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC), Alliance COVID-19 grant program, [grant numbers ALLRP 550721–20, RGPIN-2014-06229 (year: 2014), RGPIN-2016-05772 (year: 2016)]; Neiser Foundation; Nekton Foundation; Network of Centre of Excellence of Canada: ArcticNet; North Family Foundation; Ocean Tracking Network; Ömer Külahçıoğlu; Oregon State University; Parks Canada Agency (Lake Louise, Yoho, and Kootenay Field Unit); Pew Charitable Trusts; Porsim Kanaf partnership; President's International Fellowship Initiative for postdoctoral researchers Chinese Academy of Sciences, [grant number 2019 PB0143]; Red Sea Research Center; Regional Government of the Azores, [grant number M3.1a/F/025/2015]; Regione Toscana; Rotary Club of Rhinebeck; Save our Seas Foundation; Science & Technology (CSU COAST); Science City Davos, Naturforschende Gesellschaft Davos; Seha İşmen; Sentinelle Nord program from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund; Servizio Foreste e Fauna (Provincia Autonoma di Trento); Sigrid Rausing Trust; Simon Fraser University; Sitka Foundation; Sivil Toplum Geliştirme Merkezi Derneği; South African National Parks (SANParks); South Australian Department for Environment and Water; Southern California Tuna Club (SCTC); Spanish Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge; Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness; Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation; State of California; Sternlicht Family Foundation; Suna Reyent; Sunshine Coast Regional Council; Tarea Vida, CEMZOC, Universidad de Oriente, Cuba, [grant number 10523, 2020]; Teck Coal; The Hamilton Waterfront Trust; The Ian Potter Foundation, Coastwest, Western Australian State NRM; The Red Sea Development Company; The Wanderlust Fund; The Whitley Fund; Trans-Anatolian Natural Gas Pipeline; Tula Foundation (Hakai Institute); University of Arizona; University of Pisa; US Fish and Wildlife Service; US Geological Survey; Valencian Regional Government; Vermont Center for Ecostudies; Victorian Fisheries Authority; VMRC Fishing License Fund; and Wildlife Warriors Worldwide.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0006320721002275
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Biological conservation. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Biological conservation, [263, , (2021-05-26)] DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109175 . © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectBiodiversity
dc.subjectRestoration
dc.subjectPandemic
dc.subjectGlobal Monitoring
dc.titleGlobal COVID-19 lockdown highlights humans as both threats and custodians of the environment.
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentComputer Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Science and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Biosciences Research Center (CBRC), Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, 23955 Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.identifier.journalBiological conservation
dc.identifier.pmcidPMC8135229
dc.rights.embargodate2023-10-23
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Ocean Sciences, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL A1C 5S7, Canada.
dc.contributor.institutionBiology Department, Boston University, 5 Cummington Mall, Boston, MA 02215, USA.
dc.identifier.volume263
dc.identifier.pages109175
kaust.personShimada, Takahiro
kaust.personZhang, Xiangliang
kaust.personYang, Qiang
kaust.personDevassy, Reny Palliparambil
kaust.personMoraga, Paula
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accepted2021-05-07
refterms.dateFOA2021-05-30T10:57:21Z
dc.date.published-online2021-05-20
dc.date.published-print2021-11


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