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dc.contributor.authorThomas, Biyo
dc.contributor.authorViswanadhapalli, Yesubabu
dc.contributor.authorSrinivas, C.V.
dc.contributor.authorDasari, Hari Prasad
dc.contributor.authorAttada, Raju
dc.contributor.authorLangodan, Sabique
dc.date.accessioned2021-04-19T10:26:47Z
dc.date.available2021-04-19T10:26:47Z
dc.date.issued2021-04-19
dc.date.submitted2020-06-07
dc.identifier.citationThomas, B., Viswanadhapalli, Y., Srinivas, C. V., Dasari, H. P., Attada, R., & Langodan, S. (2021). Cloud resolving simulation of extremely heavy rainfall event over Kerala in August 2018 – Sensitivity to microphysics and aerosol feedback. Atmospheric Research, 258, 105613. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105613
dc.identifier.issn0169-8095
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105613
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/668848
dc.description.abstractThe state of Kerala located in the southwestern part of India experienced heavy to extremely heavy rainfall events from 07 to 17 August 2018 during the southwest monsoon, leading to a devastating flood and extensive infrastructure damage. Rainfall analysis suggests that the prolonged heavy rainfall event between 14 and 17 August 2018, was responsible for the major devastation. In this work, the sensitivity of prediction of heavy rainfall during 14–17 August 2018 to cloud microphysics parameterization (CMP) is investigated using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model. High resolution (1-km) cloud resolving simulations are conducted to study the sensitivity of rainfall to the cloud microphysics schemes and cloud-aerosol interactions. The model results are compared with observations such as Automatic Weather Station, Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, radiosonde, Global Precipitation Mission precipitation estimates and Doppler weather radar products. Comparisons of simulated hydrometeor structure with DWR estimates and thermodynamic stability indices with radiosonde reveal that the differences in microphysics formulations play a vital role on the thermodynamic profile that in turn influence the intensity of convection and hydrometeor structure responsible for the extremely heavy rainfall. Comparison of simulated rainfall with IMD observational estimates suggests that the Thomson aerosol aware scheme, followed by Goddard microphysics captured the spatial and temporal distributions of observed heavy rainfall. The Thomson aerosol aware scheme followed by Goddard produced strong convective instability conditions for heavy rainfall due to the simulation of a strong westerly jet and the formation of an offshore vortex.
dc.description.sponsorshipIndia Meteorological Department (IMD) acknowledged for providing online access of the synoptic and automatic weather station data, Doppler Weather Radar products and the multi satellite-rain gauge merged product of rainfall. Radiosonde data for Kochi is downloaded the university of Wyoming, USA. The authors acknowledge ECMWF and Copernicus Climate Change Service for providing the ERA5 reanalysis data. The authors also acknowledge GES DISC, NASA for providing the rainfall estimates of TRMM3B42V7. The 0.25ox 0.25o GFS data used for the WRF model initialization is downloaded from NOMADS, NOAA. Authors wish to thank the anonymous reviewers for their technical comments which greatly helped to improve the content of the paper.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0169809521001654
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Atmospheric Research. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Atmospheric Research, [258, , (2021-04-19)] DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2021.105613 . © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleCloud resolving simulation of extremely heavy rainfall event over Kerala in August 2018 – Sensitivity to microphysics and aerosol feedback
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.identifier.journalAtmospheric Research
dc.rights.embargodate2023-04-19
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionNational Atmospheric Research Laboratory, Gadanki - 517112, Andhra Pradesh, India.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Atmospheric Sciences, Cochin University of Science and Technology, Cochin 682016, India.
dc.contributor.institutionIndira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Homi Bhabha National Institute, Kalpakkam 603102, Tamilnadu, India.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Mohali, India.
dc.identifier.volume258
dc.identifier.pages105613
kaust.personDasari, Hari Prasad
kaust.personLangodan, Sabique
dc.date.accepted2021-04-03
refterms.dateFOA2021-04-19T10:27:30Z


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