dc.contributor.author Alshammari, Yousef Mohammad dc.date.accessioned 2021-04-13T11:50:21Z dc.date.available 2021-04-13T11:50:21Z dc.date.issued 2019-07-19 dc.identifier.citation Alshammari, Y. M. (2019). The energy transition in transport using alternative fuels: Can new technologies achieve policy targets? OPEC Energy Review, 43(3), 301–326. doi:10.1111/opec.12158 dc.identifier.issn 1753-0229 dc.identifier.issn 1753-0237 dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/opec.12158 dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10754/668729 dc.description.abstract COP21 resulted in a major global agreement to reduce greenhouse gas emission to limit the Earth’s rising temperature to <2°C. Transport has a key role in the transition to a clean low carbon energy system. The aim of this work was to develop optimum scenarios for the implementation of alternative low carbon road transport fuels to replace conventional fuels of gasoline and diesel using the systems analysis model MESSAGE. The results show that technological breakthroughs to enhance efficiency and cost reduction of solar fuels will enable them to compete with gasoline and diesel in meeting the demand for road transport fuels. It also found that that production of synthetic fuels can significantly contribute to reducing consumption of crude oil while reducing CO2 emission by 80 per cent by 2050. Compared with previous literature, our work considers synfuels from fossil fuels can compete with biomass-derived fuels, and it shows potential transition scenarios in the road transport sector to replace gasoline and diesel in fossil fuel-dependent economies considering Saudi Arabia as a case study. Solar fuels appear as the most promising for reducing emission, albeit at a high price. Carbon abatement costs are found to range between $121 and$517/Ton, between 2015 and 2050. Feasible implementation of solar and synthetic fuels was also found to depend on the targeted CO2 emission, fuel efficacy, penetration of public transport and economic growth. dc.description.sponsorship Research funding by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. dc.publisher Wiley dc.relation.url https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/opec.12158 dc.rights Archived with thanks to OPEC Energy Review dc.title The energy transition in transport using alternative fuels: Can new technologies achieve policy targets? dc.type Article dc.contributor.department Clean Combustion Research Center dc.contributor.department Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division dc.identifier.journal OPEC Energy Review dc.rights.embargodate 2021-07-19 dc.eprint.version Post-print dc.contributor.institution Department of Mechanical Engineering Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University Khobar 34754 Saudi Arabia dc.identifier.volume 43 dc.identifier.issue 3 dc.identifier.pages 301-326 kaust.person Alshammari, Yousef Mohammad
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