Chemiresistive Sensor Array and Machine Learning Classification of Food
Evans, Ethan D.
Wu, You-Chi Mason
Voll, Constantin-Christian A.
McDonald, Benjamin R.
Swager, Timothy M.
KAUST Grant NumberCRF2015-SENSORS-2719
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/668701
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AbstractSuccessful identification of complex odors by sensor arrays remains a challenging problem. Herein, we report robust, category-specific multiclass-time series classification using an array of 20 carbon nanotube-based chemical sensors. We differentiate between samples of cheese, liquor, and edible oil based on their odor. In a two-stage machine-learning approach, we first obtain an optimal subset of sensors specific to each category and then validate this subset using an independent and expanded data set. We determined the optimal selectors via independent selector classification accuracy, as well as a combinatorial scan of all 4845 possible four selector combinations. We performed sample classification using two models - a k-nearest neighbors model and a random forest model trained on extracted features. This protocol led to high classification accuracy in the independent test sets for five cheese and five liquor samples (accuracies of 91% and 78%, respectively) and only a slightly lower (73%) accuracy on a five edible oil data set.
CitationSchroeder, V., Evans, E. D., Wu, Y.-C. M., Voll, C.-C. A., McDonald, B. R., Savagatrup, S., & Swager, T. M. (2019). Chemiresistive Sensor Array and Machine Learning Classification of Food. ACS Sensors, 4(8), 2101–2108. doi:10.1021/acssensors.9b00825
SponsorsThis work was supported by the KAUST sensor project CRF2015-SENSORS-2719 and the Army Research Office through the Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies and the National Science Foundation (DMR-1410718). S.S. was supported by an F32 Ruth L. Kirschstein National Research Service Award. We want to thank Dr. Nathan A. Romero and Dr. Monika Stolar for their useful suggestions and fruitful conversations.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)