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dc.contributor.authorRachmadi, Andri Taruna
dc.contributor.authorAzizkhan, Zubair M.
dc.contributor.authorHong, Pei-Ying
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-25T12:56:51Z
dc.date.available2021-03-25T12:56:51Z
dc.date.issued2021-02-25
dc.date.submitted2020-12-16
dc.identifier.citationRachmadi, A. T., Azizkhan, Z. M., & Hong, P.-Y. (2021). Enteric virus in reclaimed water from treatment plants with different multi-barrier strategies: Trade-off assessment in treatment extent and risks. Science of The Total Environment, 776, 146039. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146039
dc.identifier.issn1879-1026
dc.identifier.issn0048-9697
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146039
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/668281
dc.description.abstractReclaimed water is an alternative water resource to mitigate water scarcity. To promote safe reuse, this paper aims to monitor the enteric virus concentration in the reclaimed water generated by two sewage treatment plants (STP) with different multibarrier technologies, and to assess if stringent treatment extent is required in a low-resource setting to achieve minimal viral risks arising from non-potable reuse. Through a 9-month surveillance, it was observed that a higher diversity and abundance of enteric DNA and RNA viruses were detected in treated wastewater generated from conventional activated sludge (i.e., site B) compared to that from membrane bioreactor-based STP (i.e., site A). To exemplify, enteric RNA viruses were detected in up to 1.13, 4.1, 4.9, 4.5, and 4.5 log10 copies/L for Aichi virus (AiV), rotavirus (RV), enterovirus (EV), norovirus GI and GII (NoV GII, GII) respectively, at site B. For enteric DNA virus, up to 4.3 and 5.35 log10 copies/L of adenovirus (AdV) and polyoma BK virus (BKV) were also found in site B. This is in contrast to the absence of AiV, RV and NoV detected in samples from site A. However, when translated to risks outcome from NoV GII, it was noted that recreational users at both sites A and B are exposed to acceptable disease burden (
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study is funded by KAUST baseline BAS/1/1033-01-01 awarded to PYH. The authors would like to thank Nic Davis for providing access to samples at Site A.
dc.publisherElsevier BV
dc.relation.urlhttps://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048969721011062
dc.rightsNOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Science of the Total Environment. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Science of the Total Environment, [776, , (2021-02-25)] DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.146039 . © 2021. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.titleEnteric virus in reclaimed water from treatment plants with different multi-barrier strategies: Trade-off assessment in treatment extent and risks
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Microbial Safety and Biotechnology Lab
dc.contributor.departmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentWater Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
dc.identifier.journalScience of the Total Environment
dc.rights.embargodate2023-03-03
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental Protection, Saudi Aramco, Jeddah 23718-4618, Saudi Arabia
dc.identifier.volume776
dc.identifier.pages146039
kaust.personRachmadi, Andri Taruna
kaust.personHong, Pei-Ying
kaust.personHong, Pei-Ying
kaust.grant.numberBAS/1/1033-01-01
dc.date.accepted2021-02-18
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85101867317
refterms.dateFOA2021-03-25T13:23:06Z


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