A Facet-Specific Quantum Dot Passivation Strategy for Colloid Management and Efficient Infrared Photovoltaics

Abstract
Colloidal nanocrystals combine size- and facet-dependent properties with solution processing. They offer thus a compelling suite of materials for technological applications. Their size- and facet-tunable features are studied in synthesis; however, to exploit their features in optoelectronic devices, it will be essential to translate control over size and facets from the colloid all the way to the film. Larger-diameter colloidal quantum dots (CQDs) offer the attractive possibility of harvesting infrared (IR) solar energy beyond absorption of silicon photovoltaics. These CQDs exhibit facets (nonpolar (100)) undisplayed in small-diameter CQDs; and the materials chemistry of smaller nanocrystals fails consequently to translate to materials for the short-wavelength IR regime. A new colloidal management strategy targeting the passivation of both (100) and (111) facets is demonstrated using distinct choices of cations and anions. The approach leads to narrow-bandgap CQDs with impressive colloidal stability and photoluminescence quantum yield. Photophysical studies confirm a reduction both in Stokes shift (≈47 meV) and Urbach tail (≈29 meV). This approach provides a ≈50% increase in the power conversion efficiency of IR photovoltaics compared to controls, and a ≈70% external quantum efficiency at their excitonic peak.

Citation
Kim, Y., Che, F., Jo, J. W., Choi, J., García de Arquer, F. P., Voznyy, O., … Sargent, E. H. (2019). A Facet-Specific Quantum Dot Passivation Strategy for Colloid Management and Efficient Infrared Photovoltaics. Advanced Materials, 31(17), 1805580. doi:10.1002/adma.201805580

Acknowledgements
Y.K., F.C., J.W.J., and J.C. contributed equally. This work was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST, Office of Sponsored Research (OSR), Award No. OSR-2017-CPF-3325) and Ontario Research Fund-Research Excellence program (ORF7-Ministry of Research and Innovation, Ontario Research Fund-Research Excellence Round 7). E.B. gratefully acknowledges financial support by the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO Vlaanderen). Y.K. received financial support from the DGIST R&D Programs of the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning of Korea (18-ET-01). M.B.J.R. and J.H. acknowledge financial support from the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO, grants nr ZW15_09-GOH6316 and G.098319N) and the Flemish government through long-term structural funding Methusalem (CASAS2, Meth/15/04). H.Y. acknowledges the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO) for a postdoctoral fellowship. The authors thank L. Levina, R. Wolowiec, D. Kopilovic, and E. Palmiano for their technical help over the course of this research.

Publisher
Wiley

Journal
Advanced Materials

DOI
10.1002/adma.201805580

Additional Links
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/adma.201805580

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