A Scalable Algorithm for Network Localization and Synchronization

Type
Article

Authors
Meyer, Florian
Etzlinger, Bernhard
Liu, Zhenyu
Hlawatsch, Franz
Win, Moe Z.

KAUST Grant Number
OSR-2015-Sensors-2700

Date
2018-12

Abstract
The Internet of Things (IoT) will seamlessly integrate a large number of densely deployed heterogeneous devices and will enable new location-aware services. However, fine-grained localization of IoT devices is challenging as their computation and communication resources are typically limited and different devices may have different qualities of internal clocks and different mobility patterns. To address these challenges, we propose a cooperative, scalable, and time-recursive algorithm for network localization and synchronization (NLS). Our algorithm is based on time measurements and supports heterogeneous devices with limited computation and communication resources, time-varying clock and location parameters, arbitrary state-evolution models, and time-varying network connectivity. These attributes make the proposed algorithm attractive for IoT-related applications. The algorithm is furthermore able to incorporate measurements from additional sensors for positioning, navigation, and timing such as receivers for global navigation satellite systems. Based on a factor graph representation of the underlying spatiotemporal Bayesian sequential estimation problem, the algorithm uses belief propagation (BP) for an efficient marginalization of the joint posterior distribution. To account for the nonlinear measurement model and nonlinear state-evolution models while keeping the communication and computation requirements low, we develop an efficient second-order implementation of the BP rules by means of the recently introduced sigma point belief propagation technique. Simulation results demonstrate the high synchronization and localization accuracy as well as the low computational complexity of the proposed algorithm. In particular, in sufficiently dense networks, the proposed algorithm outperforms the state-of-the-art BP-based algorithm for NLS in terms of both estimation accuracy and computational complexity.

Citation
Meyer, F., Etzlinger, B., Liu, Z., Hlawatsch, F., & Win, M. Z. (2018). A Scalable Algorithm for Network Localization and Synchronization. IEEE Internet of Things Journal, 5(6), 4714–4727. doi:10.1109/jiot.2018.2811408

Acknowledgements
This work was supported in part by the Austrian Science Fund under Grant J3886-N31 and Grant P27370-N30, in part by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology under the Sensor Research Initiative Grant OSR-2015-Sensors-2700, in part by the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Institute of Standards and Technology under Grant 70NANB17H17, in part by the Czech National Sustainability Program under Grant LO1401, and in part by the Linz Center of Mechatronics under the framework of the Austrian COMET-K2 Program

Publisher
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)

Journal
IEEE Internet of Things Journal

DOI
10.1109/jiot.2018.2811408

Additional Links
https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8306100/

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