A Unified, One Fluid Model for the Drag of Fluid and Solid Dispersals by Permeate Flux Towards a Membrane Surface

Abstract
The drag of dispersals towards a membrane surface is a consequence of the filtration process. It also represents the first step towards the development of the problem of fouling. In order to combat membrane fouling, it is important to understand such drag mechanisms and provide a modeling framework. In this work, a new modeling and numerical approach is introduced that is based on a one-domain model in which both the dispersals and the surrounding fluid are dealt with as a fluid with heterogeneous property fields. Furthermore, because of the fact that the geometry of the object assumes axial symmetry and the configuration remains fixed, the location of the interface may be calculated using geometrical relationships. This alleviates the need to define an indicator function and solve a hyperbolic equation to update the configuration. Furthermore, this approach simplifies the calculations and significantly reduces the computational burden required otherwise if one incorporates a hyperbolic equation to track the interface. To simplify the calculations, we consider the motion of an extended cylindrical object. This allows a reduction in the dimensions of the problem to two, thereby reducing the computational burden without a loss of generality. Furthermore, for this particular case there exists an approximate analytical solution that accounts for the effects of the confining boundaries that usually exist in real systems. We use such a setup to provide the benchmarking of the different averaging techniques for the calculations of properties at the cell faces and center, particularly in the cells involving the interface.

Citation
Salama, A., Sun, S., & Zhang, T. (2021). A Unified, One Fluid Model for the Drag of Fluid and Solid Dispersals by Permeate Flux Towards a Membrane Surface. Membranes, 11(2), 154. doi:10.3390/membranes11020154

Acknowledgements
The authors would like to thank Jianchao Cai of China University of Geoscience in Wuhan for his comments and review of the manuscript. The authors acknowledge the support from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 51874262) and the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through the grants BAS/1/1351-01, URF/1/4074-01, and URF/1/3769-01.

Publisher
MDPI AG

Journal
Membranes

DOI
10.3390/membranes11020154

Additional Links
https://www.mdpi.com/2077-0375/11/2/154

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