In Situ Investigation and Photovoltaic Devices: Sequential Formation of Tunable-Bandgap Mixed-Halide Lead-based Perovskites
Liu, Shengzhong (Frank)
Anthopoulos, Thomas D.
KAUST DepartmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Material Science and Engineering
KAUST Solar Center (KSC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/667631
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AbstractInorganic−organic hybrid perovskite films of MAPb(IxBr1-x)3 (0 ˂ x ˂ 1) represents a path for efficient multi-junction or tandem solar cells due to their tunable bandgap (1.60-2.24 eV). Here, sequential solution deposition is adapted to enable a direct observation and a full understanding of the phase transformation from Pb(IxBr1-x)2 precursors to perovskites. This method has been successfully applied toward the fabrication of homogenous perovskite layers allowing an improvement of optoelectronic properties and device performance. In situ grazing incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering (GIWAXS) measurements are performed to present a detailed view of the effects of solvent, lead halide film solvation, and Br incorporation and alloying on the transformation behavior. Supported by other techniques such as in situ optical reflectance, absorption, x-ray diffraction, and steady-state/time-resolved photoluminescence, the measurements indicate a strong tendency of lead halide solvation prior to crystallization during solution-casting Pb(IxBr1-x)2 precursor from a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solvent with the Br alloying leading to weakened solvation of Pb(IxBr1-x)2×DMSO. We demonstrate a room temperature conversion of perovskite and high-quality films with tunable bandgap reaching a higher power conversion efficiency of 16.42% based on MAPb(I0.9Br0.1)3 due to highly efficient intramolecular exchange between DMSO molecules and organic cations. These findings highlight the benefits that solvation of the precursor phases, together with bromide incorporation can have on the microstructure, morphology and optoelectronic properties of these films, providing a viable alternative approach to one-step synthesis approach used for mixed ion perovskite thin films.
CitationBarrit, D., Zhang, Y., Tang, M.-C., Li, R., Smilgies, D.-M., Liu, S. (Frank), … Zhao, K. (2020). In Situ Investigation and Photovoltaic Devices: Sequential Formation of Tunable-Bandgap Mixed-Halide Lead-based Perovskites. Proceedings of the Online School on Hybrid, Organic and Perovskite Photovoltaics. doi:10.29363/nanoge.hope-pv.2020.018
Conference/Event name2nd School on Hybrid, Organic and Perovskite Photovoltaics (HOPE-PV20)