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dc.contributor.authorElatab, Nazek
dc.contributor.authorHussain, Muhammad Mustafa
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-22T12:50:13Z
dc.date.available2021-02-22T12:50:13Z
dc.date.issued2020-07-01
dc.date.submitted2020-05-11
dc.identifier.citationEl-Atab, N., & Hussain, M. M. (2020). Flexible and stretchable inorganic solar cells: Progress, challenges, and opportunities. MRS Energy & Sustainability, 7(1). doi:10.1557/mre.2020.22
dc.identifier.issn2329-2229
dc.identifier.issn2329-2237
dc.identifier.doi10.1557/mre.2020.22
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/667588
dc.description.abstractThis review focuses on state-of-the-art research and development in the areas of flexible and stretchable inorganic solar cells, explains the principles behind the main technologies, highlights their key applications, and discusses future challenges. Flexible and stretchable solar cells have gained a growing attention in the last decade due to their ever-expanding range of applications from foldable electronics and robotics to wearables, transportation, and buildings. In this review, we discuss the different absorber and substrate materials in addition to the techniques that have been developed to achieve conformal and elastic inorganic solar cells which show improved efficiencies and enhanced reliabilities compared with their organic counterparts. The reviewed absorber materials range from thin films, including a-Si, copper indium gallium selenide, cadmium telluride, SiGe/III–V, and inorganic perovskite to low-dimensional and bulk materials. The development techniques are generally based on either the transfer-printing of thin cells onto various flexible substrates (e.g., metal foils, polymers, and thin glass) with or without shape engineering, the direct deposition of thin films on flexible substrates, or the etch-based corrugation technique applied on originally rigid cells. The advantages and disadvantages of each of these approaches are analyzed in terms of achieved efficiency, thermal and mechanical reliability, flexibility/stretchability, and economical sustainability.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge generous support of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors thank Kelly Rader for proof reading this manuscript.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://link.springer.com/10.1557/mre.2020.22
dc.rightsThis is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence , which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.uri(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/)
dc.titleFlexible and stretchable inorganic solar cells: Progress, challenges, and opportunities
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentIntegrated Nanotechnology Lab
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalMRS Energy & Sustainability
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionEECS, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA.
dc.identifier.volume7
dc.identifier.issue1
kaust.personElatab, Nazek
kaust.personHussain, Muhammad Mustafa
dc.date.accepted2020-06-11
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-22T12:50:54Z


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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence , which permits unrestricted re-use,
distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence , which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.