Immunomodulatory and antineoplastic efficacy of common spices and their connection with phenolic antioxidants
Alfaiz3, Faiz Abdulaziz
Aboody, Mohammed Saleh Al
Bioscience Core Lab
Sanger and Third Generation Sequencing
Proteomics, protein expression & cytomet
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/667582
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AbstractBackground: Spices have generally offered a conventional way to avert and heal various communicable and non-communicable diseases due to their efficacy and safety and their noteworthy contribution towards understanding targeted drug action and drug delivery systems. Hence, the current investigation is designed to evaluate the immunomodulatory and antineoplastic efficacy of 15 spices that connect with the flavonoid and total polyphenol ingredients. This study includes the 15 adopted spices and their total flavonoid and polyphenol contents, cell viability assay (MTT), immunomodulatory efficacy (NO, TNF-α), and antineoplastic efficacy (using six cancer cell lines).Methods: The quantification of the flavonoid and phenolic content of methanolic extracts of 15 spices was performed by colorimetric assay. The immunomodulatory efficacy was studied according to their capacity to prevent NO and TNF-α synthesis in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Cell viability was observed using MTT colorimetric assay. Antineoplastic efficacy was determined with six cancer cell lines, namely liver (HepG2), colon (HT29), breast (MCF7), pancreas (MIA PaCa2), lung (A549) and blood (Raji). Results: The outcome of significant immunomodulatory efficacy of the spices was noted in the following sequences: Acorus calamus L.(Inhibition of NO-49.32 ± 4.29 µg/mL and TNF-α 96.35 ± 8.23 µg/mL)> Alpinia galanga Wild (Inhibition of NO-55.69 ± 5.89µg/mL and TNF-α 102.36 ± 8.96 µg/mL)> Armoracia rusticana Gaerth (Inhibition of NO-82.44 ± 5.98 µg/mL and TNF-α 115.69 ± 7.59)> Capparis spinosa L. (Inhibition of NO-127.59 ± 5.68 µg/mL and TNF-α 123.58 ± 8.56 µg/mL) > Aframomum melegueta K. Schum (Inhibition of NO-169.89 ± 6.89 µg/mL and TNF-α 144.59 ± 7.89 µg/mL). The remaining spices considerably inhibited the generation of NO and TNF-α. All spices studied exhibited highly significant antineoplastic effects against all six cell lines. Noteworthy biological activities were observed in A. calamus, A. galanga, A. rusticana, C. spinose, and A. melegueta which have bulk quantities of polyphenols.Conclusion: Based on the present findings, spices are possible candidates for novel antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antineoplastic agents.Keywords: Spices; cancer cell lines; immunomodulatory; antineoplastic; total polyphenol contents
CitationXu, B., Ganesan, K., Mickymaray, S., Alfaiz3, F. A., Thatchinamoorthi, R., & Aboody, M. S. A. (2020). Immunomodulatory and antineoplastic efficacy of common spices and their connection with phenolic antioxidants. Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease, 3(2), 15. doi:10.31989/bchd.v3i2.687
SponsorsThe authors sincerely acknowledge the Dean, faculty members and technical staff in the Faculty of Medicine, Management and Science University, Malaysia who provided a great deal of support, technical assistance and cooperation in the study.
PublisherFunctional Food Center
CollectionsArticles; Bioscience Core Lab
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