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dc.contributor.authorCziesielski, Maha Joana
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorAalismail, Nojood
dc.contributor.authorAl-Hafedh, Yousef
dc.contributor.authorAnton Gamazo, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorBaalkhuyur, Faiyah
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Andrew C.
dc.contributor.authorBalke, Thorsten
dc.contributor.authorBaums, Iliana B.
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.contributor.authorChalastani, Vasiliki I.
dc.contributor.authorCornwell, Brendan
dc.contributor.authorDaffonchio, Daniele
dc.contributor.authorDiele, Karen
dc.contributor.authorFarooq, Ehtesaam
dc.contributor.authorGattuso, Jean Pierre
dc.contributor.authorHe, Song
dc.contributor.authorLovelock, Catherine E.
dc.contributor.authorMcleod, Elizabeth
dc.contributor.authorMacreadie, Peter I.
dc.contributor.authorMarba, Nuria
dc.contributor.authorMartin, Cecilia
dc.contributor.authorMuniz Barreto, Marcelle
dc.contributor.authorKadinijappali, Kirshnakumar P.
dc.contributor.authorPrihartato, Perdana
dc.contributor.authorRabaoui, Lotfi
dc.contributor.authorSaderne, Vincent
dc.contributor.authorSchmidt-Roach, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorSuggett, David J.
dc.contributor.authorSweet, Michael
dc.contributor.authorStatton, John
dc.contributor.authorTeicher, Sam
dc.contributor.authorTrevathan-Tackett, Stacey M.
dc.contributor.authorJoydas, Thadickal V.
dc.contributor.authorYahya, Razan
dc.contributor.authorAranda, Manuel
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-08T10:54:21Z
dc.date.available2021-02-08T10:54:21Z
dc.date.issued2021-01-15
dc.date.submitted2020-09-07
dc.identifier.citationCziesielski, M. J., Duarte, C. M., Aalismail, N., Al-Hafedh, Y., Anton, A., Baalkhuyur, F., … Aranda, M. (2021). Investing in Blue Natural Capital to Secure a Future for the Red Sea Ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.603722
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2020.603722
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/667289
dc.description.abstractFor millennia, coastal and marine ecosystems have adapted and flourished in the Red Sea’s unique environment. Surrounded by deserts on all sides, the Red Sea is subjected to high dust inputs and receives very little freshwater input, and so harbors a high salinity. Coral reefs, seagrass meadows, and mangroves flourish in this environment and provide socio-economic and environmental benefits to the bordering coastlines and countries. Interestingly, while coral reef ecosystems are currently experiencing rapid decline on a global scale, those in the Red Sea appear to be in relatively better shape. That said, they are certainly not immune to the stressors that cause degradation, such as increasing ocean temperature, acidification and pollution. In many regions, ecosystems are already severely deteriorating and are further threatened by increasing population pressure and large coastal development projects. Degradation of these marine habitats will lead to environmental costs, as well as significant economic losses. Therefore, it will result in a missed opportunity for the bordering countries to develop a sustainable blue economy and integrate innovative nature-based solutions. Recognizing that securing the Red Sea ecosystems’ future must occur in synergy with continued social and economic growth, we developed an action plan for the conservation, restoration, and growth of marine environments of the Red Sea. We then investigated the level of resources for financial and economic investment that may incentivize these activities. This study presents a set of commercially viable financial investment strategies, ecological innovations, and sustainable development opportunities, which can, if implemented strategically, help ensure long-term economic benefits while promoting environmental conservation. We make a case for investing in blue natural capital and propose a strategic development model that relies on maintaining the health of natural ecosystems to safeguard the Red Sea’s sustainable development.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fmars.2020.603722/full
dc.rightsThis is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleInvesting in Blue Natural Capital to Secure a Future for the Red Sea Ecosystems
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center and Computational Bioscience Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionKing Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Marine Biology and Ecology, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Geographical and Earth Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, United States
dc.contributor.institutionNationalLaboratory of Harbor Works, Department of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Athens (NTUA), Zografou, Greece
dc.contributor.institutionHopkins Marine Station of Stanford University, Pacific Grove, CA, United States
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh Napier University, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionThe Red Sea Development Company, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionLaboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute for Sustainable Development and International Relations, Paris, France
dc.contributor.institutionCenter for Environment Water, Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionThe Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA, United States
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Integrative Ecology, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionMediterranean Institute for Advanced Studies, Illes Baleares, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionSaudi Aramco, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionFaculty of Science, Climate Change Cluster, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionAquatic Research Facility, Environmental Sustainability Research Centre, University of Derby, Derby, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionFaculty of Science, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA, Australia
dc.contributor.institutionCoral Vita, Freeport, Bahamas
dc.identifier.volume7
kaust.personCziesielski Olschowsky, Maha Joana
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.personAalismail, Nojood Adel Ali
kaust.personAnton Gamazo, Andrea
kaust.personBaalkhuyur, Faiyah
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.
kaust.personDaffonchio, Daniele
kaust.personHe, Song
kaust.personMartin, Cecilia
kaust.personMuniz Barreto, Marcelle
kaust.personSaderne, Vincent
kaust.personSchmidt-Roach, Sebastian
kaust.personYahya, Razan
kaust.personAranda, Manuel
dc.date.accepted2020-12-10
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85100279176
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-08T10:57:37Z


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This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.