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dc.contributor.authorHoteit, Ibrahim
dc.contributor.authorAbualnaja, Yasser
dc.contributor.authorAfzal, Shehzad
dc.contributor.authorAit-El-Fquih, Boujemaa
dc.contributor.authorAkylas, Triantaphyllos
dc.contributor.authorAntony, Charls
dc.contributor.authorDawson, Clint
dc.contributor.authorAsfahani, Khaled
dc.contributor.authorBrewin, Robert J.
dc.contributor.authorCavaleri, Luigi
dc.contributor.authorCerovecki, Ivana
dc.contributor.authorCornuelle, Bruce
dc.contributor.authorDesamsetti, Srinivas
dc.contributor.authorAttada, Raju
dc.contributor.authorDasari, Hari Prasad
dc.contributor.authorSanchez-Garrido, Jose
dc.contributor.authorGenevier, Lily
dc.contributor.authorEl Gharamti, Mohamad
dc.contributor.authorGittings, John
dc.contributor.authorGokul, Elamurugu
dc.contributor.authorGopalakrishnan, Ganesh
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Daquan
dc.contributor.authorHadri, Bilel
dc.contributor.authorHadwiger, Markus
dc.contributor.authorHammoud, Mohammed Abed
dc.contributor.authorHendershott, Myrl
dc.contributor.authorHittawe, Mohamad
dc.contributor.authorKarumuri, Ashok
dc.contributor.authorKnio, Omar
dc.contributor.authorKöhl, Armin
dc.contributor.authorKortas, Samuel
dc.contributor.authorKrokos, Georgios
dc.contributor.authorKunchala, Ravi
dc.contributor.authorIssa, Leila
dc.contributor.authorLakkis, Issam
dc.contributor.authorLangodan, Sabique
dc.contributor.authorLermusiaux, Pierre
dc.contributor.authorLuong, Thang
dc.contributor.authorMa, Jingyi
dc.contributor.authorLe Maitre, Olivier
dc.contributor.authorMazloff, Matthew
dc.contributor.authorEl Mohtar, Samah
dc.contributor.authorPapadopoulos, Vassilis P.
dc.contributor.authorPlatt, Trevor
dc.contributor.authorPratt, Larry
dc.contributor.authorRaboudi, Naila Mohammed Fathi
dc.contributor.authorRacault, Marie-Fanny
dc.contributor.authorRaitsos, Dionysios E.
dc.contributor.authorRazak, Shanas
dc.contributor.authorSanikommu, Siva Reddy
dc.contributor.authorSathyendranath, Shubha
dc.contributor.authorSofianos, Sarantis
dc.contributor.authorSubramanian, Aneesh
dc.contributor.authorSun, Rui
dc.contributor.authorTiti, Edriss
dc.contributor.authorToye, Habib
dc.contributor.authorTriantafyllou, George
dc.contributor.authorTsiaras, Kostas
dc.contributor.authorVasou, Panagiotis
dc.contributor.authorViswanadhapalli, Yesubabu
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yixin
dc.contributor.authorYao, Fengchao
dc.contributor.authorZhan, Peng
dc.contributor.authorZodiatis, George
dc.date.accessioned2021-02-07T11:05:49Z
dc.date.available2021-02-07T11:05:49Z
dc.date.issued2021-01
dc.identifier.citationHoteit, I., Abualnaja, Y., Afzal, S., Ait-El-Fquih, B., Akylas, T., Antony, C., … Cavaleri, L. (2021). Towards an End-to-End Analysis and Prediction System for Weather, Climate, and Marine Applications in the Red Sea. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 102(1), E99–E122. doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0005.1
dc.identifier.issn0003-0007
dc.identifier.issn1520-0477
dc.identifier.doi10.1175/bams-d-19-0005.1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/667241
dc.description.abstractAbstractThe Red Sea, home to the second-longest coral reef system in the world, is a vital resource for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Red Sea provides 90% of the Kingdom’s potable water by desalinization, supporting tourism, shipping, aquaculture, and fishing industries, which together contribute about 10%–20% of the country’s GDP. All these activities, and those elsewhere in the Red Sea region, critically depend on oceanic and atmospheric conditions. At a time of mega-development projects along the Red Sea coast, and global warming, authorities are working on optimizing the harnessing of environmental resources, including renewable energy and rainwater harvesting. All these require high-resolution weather and climate information. Toward this end, we have undertaken a multipronged research and development activity in which we are developing an integrated data-driven regional coupled modeling system. The telescopically nested components include 5-km- to 600-m-resolution atmospheric models to address weather and climate challenges, 4-km- to 50-m-resolution ocean models with regional and coastal configurations to simulate and predict the general and mesoscale circulation, 4-km- to 100-m-resolution ecosystem models to simulate the biogeochemistry, and 1-km- to 50-m-resolution wave models. In addition, a complementary probabilistic transport modeling system predicts dispersion of contaminant plumes, oil spill, and marine ecosystem connectivity. Advanced ensemble data assimilation capabilities have also been implemented for accurate forecasting. Resulting achievements include significant advancement in our understanding of the regional circulation and its connection to the global climate, development, and validation of long-term Red Sea regional atmospheric–oceanic–wave reanalyses and forecasting capacities. These products are being extensively used by academia, government, and industry in various weather and marine studies and operations, environmental policies, renewable energy applications, impact assessment, flood forecasting, and more.
dc.description.sponsorshipDedicated to the bright memory of Professor Trevor Platt, a pioneer in biological oceanography and a key contributor to Red Sea research. The development of the Red Sea modeling system is being supported by the Virtual Red Sea Initiative and the Competitive Research Grants (CRG) program from the Office of Sponsored Research at KAUST, Saudi Aramco Company through the Saudi ARAMCO Marine Environmental Center at KAUST, and by funds from KAEC, NEOM, and RSP through Beacon Development Company at KAUST.
dc.publisherAmerican Meteorological Society
dc.relation.urlhttps://journals.ametsoc.org/view/journals/bams/102/1/BAMS-D-19-0005.1.xml
dc.titleTowards an End-to-End Analysis and Prediction System for Weather, Climate, and Marine Applications in the Red Sea
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentApplied Mathematics and Computational Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentBeacon Development Company
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Scientists
dc.contributor.departmentComputer Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Fluid Modeling and Prediction Group
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering
dc.contributor.departmentEarth Science and Engineering Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentOffice of the CAO
dc.contributor.departmentPhysical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentVisual Computing Center (VCC)
dc.identifier.journalBulletin of the American Meteorological Society
dc.rights.embargodate2021-07-01
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.institutionMassachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
dc.contributor.institutionThe University of Texas at Austin, Austin, Texas
dc.contributor.institutionSaudi Aramco, Damam, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Exeter, Cornwall, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Marine Sciences, Venice, Italy
dc.contributor.institutionScripps Institution of Oceanography, La Jolla, California
dc.contributor.institutionNational Center for Medium Range Weather Forecasting, Noida, India
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Malaga, Malaga, Spain
dc.contributor.institutionNational Center of Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Hyderabad, Hyderabad, India
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionIndian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India
dc.contributor.institutionLebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.institutionAmerican University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
dc.contributor.institutionEcole Polytechnique, Palaiseau, France
dc.contributor.institutionHellenic Centre for Marine Research, Anavissos, Greece
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom
dc.contributor.institutionWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts
dc.contributor.institutionNational and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, Colorado
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas
dc.contributor.institutionNational Atmospheric Research Laboratories, Gadanki, India
dc.contributor.institutionCoastal and Marine Research Laboratory, Crete, Greece
dc.identifier.volume102
dc.identifier.issue1
dc.identifier.pagesE99-E122
kaust.personHoteit, Ibrahim
kaust.personAbualnaja, Yasser
kaust.personAfzal, Shehzad
kaust.personAit-El-Fquih, Boujemaa
kaust.personAntony, Charls
kaust.personAttada, Raju
kaust.personDasari, Hari Prasad
kaust.personGenevier, Lily
kaust.personGittings, John
kaust.personGokul, Elamurugu
kaust.personGuo, Daquan
kaust.personHadri, Bilel
kaust.personHadwiger, Markus
kaust.personHammoud, Mohammed Abed
kaust.personHittawe, Mohamad
kaust.personKnio, Omar
kaust.personKortas, Samuel
kaust.personKrokos, Georgios
kaust.personLangodan, Sabique
kaust.personLuong, Thang
kaust.personMa, Jingyi
kaust.personEl Mohtar, Samah
kaust.personRaboudi, Naila Mohammed Fathi
kaust.personRazak, Shanas
kaust.personSanikommu, Siva Reddy
kaust.personToye, Habib
kaust.personVasou, Panagiotis
kaust.personWang, Yixin
kaust.personYao, Fengchao
kaust.personZhan, Peng
kaust.grant.numberCRG
refterms.dateFOA2021-02-07T13:13:35Z
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitCompetitive Research
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitOffice of Sponsored Research


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