Post Processing Strategies for the Enhancement of Mechanical Properties of ENMs (Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes): A Review
KAUST DepartmentCOHMAS Laboratory, Physical Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberREP/1/13848-01-01
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/666452
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AbstractElectrospinning is a versatile technique which results in the formation of a fine web of fibers. The mechanical properties of electrospun fibers depend on the choice of solution constituents, processing parameters, environmental conditions, and collector design. Once electrospun, the fibrous web has little mechanical integrity and needs post fabrication treatments for enhancing its mechanical properties. The treatment strategies include both the chemical and physical techniques. The effect of these post fabrication treatments on the properties of electrospun membranes can be assessed through either conducting tests on extracted single fiber specimens or macro scale testing on membrane specimens. The latter scenario is more common in the literature due to its simplicity and low cost. In this review, a detailed literature survey of post fabrication strength enhancement strategies adopted for electrospun membranes has been presented. For optimum effect, enhancement strategies have to be implemented without significant loss to fiber morphology even though fiber diameters, porosity, and pore tortuosity are usually affected. A discussion of these treatments on fiber crystallinity, diameters, and mechanical properties has also been produced. The choice of a particular post fabrication strength enhancement strategy is dictated by the application area intended for the membrane system and permissible changes to the initial fibrous morphology.
CitationNauman, S., Lubineau, G., & Alharbi, H. F. (2021). Post Processing Strategies for the Enhancement of Mechanical Properties of ENMs (Electrospun Nanofibrous Membranes): A Review. Membranes, 11(1), 39. doi:10.3390/membranes11010039
SponsorsThe research work received financial support from KAUST-KSU initiative for ‘Multilayer Integrated Polymeric Membranes’ under the grant number REP/1/13848-01-01.
PublisherAccepted by MDPI
JournalAccepted by Membranes
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Archived with thanks to MDPI. © 2020 by the authors. Accepted for publication under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).