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dc.contributor.authorHernández-León, S.
dc.contributor.authorKoppelmann, R.
dc.contributor.authorFraile-Nuez, E.
dc.contributor.authorBode, Antonio
dc.contributor.authorMompeán, C.
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, X.
dc.contributor.authorOlivar, M. P.
dc.contributor.authorEchevarría, Fidel
dc.contributor.authorFernández de Puelles, M. L.
dc.contributor.authorGonzález-Gordillo, J. Ignacio
dc.contributor.authorCózar, A.
dc.contributor.authorAcuña, J. L.
dc.contributor.authorAgusti, Susana
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-29T13:49:42Z
dc.date.available2020-11-29T13:49:42Z
dc.date.issued2020-11-27
dc.date.submitted2019-07-12
dc.identifier.citationHernández-León, S., Koppelmann, R., Fraile-Nuez, E., Bode, A., Mompeán, C., Irigoien, X., … Duarte, C. M. (2020). Large deep-sea zooplankton biomass mirrors primary production in the global ocean. Nature Communications, 11(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19875-7
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-020-19875-7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/666141
dc.description.abstractAbstractThe biological pump transports organic carbon produced by photosynthesis to the meso- and bathypelagic zones, the latter removing carbon from exchanging with the atmosphere over centennial time scales. Organisms living in both zones are supported by a passive flux of particles, and carbon transported to the deep-sea through vertical zooplankton migrations. Here we report globally-coherent positive relationships between zooplankton biomass in the epi-, meso-, and bathypelagic layers and average net primary production (NPP). We do so based on a global assessment of available deep-sea zooplankton biomass data and large-scale estimates of average NPP. The relationships obtained imply that increased NPP leads to enhanced transference of organic carbon to the deep ocean. Estimated remineralization from respiration rates by deep-sea zooplankton requires a minimum supply of 0.44 Pg C y$^{−1}$ transported into the bathypelagic ocean, comparable to the passive carbon sequestration. We suggest that the global coupling between NPP and bathypelagic zooplankton biomass must be also supported by an active transport mechanism associated to vertical zooplankton migration.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was funded by projects Malaspina (CSD2008-00077), Bathypelagic (CTM2016-78853-R) from the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, and to projects SUMMER (Grant Agreement 817806) and TRIATLAS (Grant Agreement 817578) from the European Union (Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme). We acknowledge J.C. Garijo for his contribution to the Malaspina zooplankton analysis and A. Santana Del Pino for his advice in statistical procedures. Thanks are also due to all those who contributed to the cruise and sampling during the Malaspina 2010 Expedition, especially the crew of R.V. “Hespérides” and the UTM technical staff.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.isreferencedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.923832
dc.relation.isreferencedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.923149
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-020-19875-7
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleLarge deep-sea zooplankton biomass mirrors primary production in the global ocean
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalNature Communications
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Oceanografía y Cambio Global, IOCAG, Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Unidad Asociada ULPGC-CSIC, Campus de Taliarte, 35214 Telde, Gran Canaria, Canary Islands, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut für Marine Ökosystem- und Fischereiwissenschaft, Universität Hamburg, Grosse Elbstrasse 133, Hamburg, Germany.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Español de Oceanografía, Vía Espaldón, Dársena Pesquera, 38180 Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Centro Oceanográfico de A Coruña, 15080 A Coruña, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionAZTI, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea z/g, Pasaia, Gipuzkoa 20110, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionIkerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstitut de Ciències del Mar, CSIC, 08003-Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Universitario de Investigación Marina (INMAR), Universidad de Cádiz, 11510 Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO), Centro, Oceanográfico de Baleares, Muelle de Poniente s/n, 07015 Palma, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionObservatorio Marino de Asturias, Departamento de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas, Universidad de Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain.
dc.identifier.volume11
dc.identifier.issue1
kaust.personAgusti, Susana
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accepted2020-10-22
dc.relation.issupplementedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.923832
dc.relation.issupplementedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.923149
dc.relation.issupplementedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.922974
dc.relation.issupplementedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.922619
dc.relation.issupplementedbyDOI:10.1594/pangaea.919314
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-29T13:50:33Z
display.relations<b>Is Supplemented By:</b><br/> <ul><li><i>[Dataset]</i> <br/> Hernández-León, S. (2020). <i>Carbon export and sequestration in the ocean</i> [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth &amp; Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.923832. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.923832" >10.1594/pangaea.923832</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667762" >10754/667762</a></a></li><li><i>[Dataset]</i> <br/> Hernández-León, S., &amp; Koppelmann, R. (2020). <i>Review of global zooplankton biomass in the bathypelagic zone</i> [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth &amp; Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.923149. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.923149" >10.1594/pangaea.923149</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667763" >10754/667763</a></a></li><li><i>[Dataset]</i> <br/> Hernández-León, S., Bode, A., Irigoien, X., Echevarría, F., Fernández de Puelles, M. L., González-Gordillo, I., &amp; Acuña, J. L. (2020). <i>Zooplankton biomass during the Malaspina Cruise</i> [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth &amp; Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922974. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.922974" >10.1594/pangaea.922974</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667766" >10754/667766</a></a></li><li><i>[Dataset]</i> <br/> Fraile-Nuez, E., &amp; Hernández-León, S. (2020). <i>Lowered Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler (LADCP) backscatter attached to the rosette sampler during the Malaspina Circumnavigation Expedition</i>. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth &amp; Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.922619. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.922619" >10.1594/pangaea.922619</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667769" >10754/667769</a></a></li><li><i>[Dataset]</i> <br/> Bode, A., &amp; Mompeán, C. (2020). <i>Stable isotope data of mesozooplankton for depth layers along the Malaspina-2010 expedition</i> [Data set]. PANGAEA - Data Publisher for Earth &amp; Environmental Science. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.919314. DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1594/pangaea.919314" >10.1594/pangaea.919314</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667772" >10754/667772</a></a></li>
dc.date.published-online2020-11-27
dc.date.published-print2020-12


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