Sequential Formation of Tunable-Bandgap Mixed-Halide Lead-Based Perovskites: In Situ Investigation and Photovoltaic Devices
(Frank) Liu, Shengzhong
Anthopoulos, Thomas D.
KAUST DepartmentMaterial Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Material Science and Engineering
KAUST Solar Center (KSC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/666079
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AbstractInorganic−organic hybrid perovskites MAPb(IxBr1−x)3 (0 < x < 1) hold promise for efficient multi-junction or tandem solar cells due to tunable bandgap and improved long-term stability. However, the phase transformation from Pb(IxBr1−x)2 precursors to perovskites is not fully understood which hinders further improvement of optoelectronic properties and device performance. Here, adaptation of the two-step deposition method, which enables the direct probe into the growth dynamics of perovskites using in situ diagnostics, and a detailed view of the effects of solvent, lead halide film solvation, and Br incorporation and alloying on the transformation behavior is presented. The in situ measurements indicate a strong tendency of lead halide solvation prior to crystallization during solution-casting Pb(IxBr1−x)2 precursor from a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) solvent. Highly-efficient intramolecular exchange is observed between DMSO molecules and organic cations, leading to room-temperature conversion of perovskite and high-quality films with tunable bandgap and superior optoelectronic properties in contrast to that obtained from crystalline Pb(IxBr1−x)2. The improved properties translate to easily tunable and a relatively higher power conversion efficiency of 16.42% based on the mixed-halide perovskite MAPb(I0.9Br0.1)3. These findings highlight the benefits that solvation of the precursor phases, together with bromide incorporation, can have on the microstructure, morphology, and optoelectronic properties of these films.
CitationBarrit, D., Zhang, Y., Yang, T., Tang, M.-C., Li, R., Smilgies, D.-M., … Zhao, K. (2020). Sequential Formation of Tunable-Bandgap Mixed-Halide Lead-Based Perovskites: In Situ Investigation and Photovoltaic Devices. Solar RRL, 2000668. doi:10.1002/solr.202000668
SponsorsThis work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), National Natural Science Foundation of China (61604092), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (61974085). CHESS was supported by the NSF & NIH/NIGMS via NSF award DMR-1332208. All the commercial instruments and materials mentioned here are identified to foster understanding. Such identification does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the National Institute of Standards and Technology, nor does it imply that the materials or equipment identified are necessarily the best available for the purpose.