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dc.contributor.authorBesha, Abreham Tesfaye
dc.contributor.authorTsehaye, Misgina Tilahun
dc.contributor.authorTiruye, Girum Ayalneh
dc.contributor.authorGebreyohannes, Abaynesh Yihdego
dc.contributor.authorAwoke, Aymere
dc.contributor.authorTufa, Ramato Ashu
dc.date.accessioned2020-11-01T07:27:12Z
dc.date.available2020-11-01T07:27:12Z
dc.date.issued2020-10-22
dc.date.submitted2020-10-04
dc.identifier.citationBesha, A. T., Tsehaye, M. T., Tiruye, G. A., Gebreyohannes, A. Y., Awoke, A., & Tufa, R. A. (2020). Deployable Membrane-Based Energy Technologies: the Ethiopian Prospect. Sustainability, 12(21), 8792. doi:10.3390/su12218792
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su12218792
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665727
dc.description.abstractMembrane-based energy technologies are presently gaining huge interest due to the fundamental engineering and potentially broad range of applications, with economic advantages over some of the competing technologies. Herein, we assess the potential deployability of the existing and emerging membrane-based energy technologies (MEnT) in Ethiopia. First, the status of the current energy technologies is provided along with the active energy and environmental policies to shape the necessary research strategies for technology planning and implementation. Ethiopia is a landlocked country, which limits the effective extraction of energy, for instance, from seawater using alternative, clean technologies such as reverse electrodialysis and pressure retarded osmosis. However, there exists an excess off-grid solar power (up to 5 MW) and wind which can be used to drive water electrolyzers for hydrogen production. Hydrogen is a versatile energy carrier that, for instance, can be used in fuel cells providing zero-emission solutions for transport and mobility. Although Ethiopia is not among the largest CO2 emitters, with more than 90% energy supply obtained from waste and biomass, the economic and industrial growth still calls for alternative CO2 capture and use technologies, which are highlighted in this work. We believe that the present work provides i) the status and potential for the implementation of MEnT in Ethiopia ii) and basic guidance for researchers exploring new energy pathways toward sustainable development in developing countries.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful to the work facilities provided by Jigjiga University (Ethiopia) and Technical University of Denmark (Denmark).
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/21/8792
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleDeployable membrane-based energy technologies: The ethiopian prospect
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division (BESE), Red Sea Research Center, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, 23955–6900, Saudi Arabia
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalSustainability (Switzerland)
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Chemistry, College of Natural and Computational Science, Jigjiga University, P.O. Box 1020, Jigjiga, Ethiopia
dc.contributor.institutionUniversity Grenoble Alpes, University Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, Grenoble INP, LEPMI, 38 000, Grenoble, France
dc.contributor.institutionMaterials Science Program/Department of Chemistry, Addis Ababa University, P. O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Energy Conversion and Storage, Technical University of Denmark, Building 310, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark
dc.identifier.volume12
dc.identifier.issue21
dc.identifier.pages1-34
kaust.personGebreyohannes, Abaynesh Yihdego
kaust.personAwoke, Aymere
dc.date.accepted2020-10-20
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85093970227
refterms.dateFOA2020-11-01T07:27:56Z


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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.