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dc.contributor.authorCárdenas, Anny
dc.contributor.authorYe, Jin
dc.contributor.authorZiegler, Maren
dc.contributor.authorPayet, Jérôme P.
dc.contributor.authorMcMinds, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorVega Thurber, Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorVoolstra, Christian R.
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-28T12:49:28Z
dc.date.available2020-10-28T12:49:28Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-30
dc.date.submitted2020-06-14
dc.identifier.citationCárdenas, A., Ye, J., Ziegler, M., Payet, J. P., McMinds, R., Vega Thurber, R., & Voolstra, C. R. (2020). Coral-Associated Viral Assemblages From the Central Red Sea Align With Host Species and Contribute to Holobiont Genetic Diversity. Frontiers in Microbiology, 11. doi:10.3389/fmicb.2020.572534
dc.identifier.issn1664-302X
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmicb.2020.572534
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665690
dc.description.abstractCoral reefs are highly diverse marine ecosystems increasingly threatened on a global scale. The foundation species of reef ecosystems are stony corals that depend on their symbiotic microalgae and bacteria for aspects of their metabolism, immunity, and environmental adaptation. Conversely, the function of viruses in coral biology is less well understood, and we are missing an understanding of the diversity and function of coral viruses, particularly in understudied regions such as the Red Sea. Here we characterized coral-associated viruses using a large metagenomic and metatranscriptomic survey across 101 cnidarian samples from the central Red Sea. While DNA and RNA viral composition was different across coral hosts, biological traits such as coral life history strategy correlated with patterns of viral diversity. Coral holobionts were broadly associated with Mimiviridae and Phycodnaviridae that presumably infect protists and algal cells, respectively. Further, Myoviridae and Siphoviridae presumably target members of the bacterial phyla Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Proteobacteria, whereas Hepadnaviridae and Retroviridae might infect the coral host. Genes involved in bacterial virulence and auxiliary metabolic genes were common among the viral sequences, corroborating a contribution of viruses to the holobiont’s genetic diversity. Our work provides a first insight into Red Sea coral DNA and RNA viral assemblages and reveals that viral diversity is consistent with global coral virome patterns.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Craig J. Michell for help with sequencing library generation and the KAUST Bioscience Core Lab for sequencing. We further would like to thank KAUST CMOR for assistance with boats and diving. Funding. This work was supported by the KAUST SEED Fund “Red Sea viruses” and KAUST baseline funding to CRV. This work was also funded by National Science Foundation Grants #DOB 1442306 to RVT and #OCE-1635913 to RVT.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmicb.2020.572534/full
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleCoral-Associated Viral Assemblages From the Central Red Sea Align With Host Species and Contribute to Holobiont Genetic Diversity
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentReef Genomics Lab
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Microbiology
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Animal Ecology Systematics, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Giessen, Germany
dc.contributor.institutionCollege of Earth, Ocean, and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States
dc.contributor.institutionCenter of Modeling, Simulation and Interactions, Université Côte d’Azur, Nice, France
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Microbiology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, United States
dc.identifier.volume11
kaust.personYe, Jin
kaust.personVoolstra, Christian R.
dc.date.accepted2020-08-19
dc.relation.issupplementedbybioproject:PRJNA437202
dc.relation.issupplementedbygithub:ajcardenasb/Red_Sea_virome
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85092741925
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-28T12:50:05Z
display.relations<b>Is Supplemented By:</b><br/> <ul><li><i>[Bioproject]</i> <br/> Title: Red Sea coral metagenomes. Publication Date: 2018-03-07. bioproject: <a href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/bioproject/?term=PRJNA437202" >PRJNA437202</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/666713" >10754/666713</a></a></li><li><i>[Software]</i> <br/> Title: ajcardenasb/Red_Sea_virome: This repository contains the scripts used to analyze data and create figures for the manuscript “Coral-associated viral assemblages from the central Red Sea align with host species and contribute to the holobiont’s bacterial virulence”. Publication Date: 2020-03-25. github: <a href="https://github.com/ajcardenasb/Red_Sea_virome" >ajcardenasb/Red_Sea_virome</a> Handle: <a href="http://hdl.handle.net/10754/667871" >10754/667871</a></a></li></ul>
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitCMOR
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST baseline fund
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitKAUST Bioscience Core Lab


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.