Resistance assessment of microbial electrosynthesis for biochemical production to changes in delivery methods and CO2 flow rates
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Environmental Biotechnology Research Group
Environmental Science and Engineering Program
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
KAUST Grant NumberURF/1/2985-01-01
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665516
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AbstractMicrobial electrosynthesis (MES) for CO2 valorization could be influenced by fluctuations in CO2 mass transfer and flow rates. In this study, we developed an efficient method for CO2 delivery to cathodic biofilm by directly sparging CO2 through the pores of ceramic hollow fiber wrapped with Ni-foam/carbon nanotube electrode, and obtained 45% and 77% higher acetate and methane production, respectively. This was followed by the MES stability test in response to fluctuations in CO2 flow rates varying from 0.3 ml/min to 10 ml/min. The biochemical production exhibited an increasing trend with CO2 flow rates, achieving higher acetate (47.0 ± 18.4 mmol/m2/day) and methane (240.0 ± 32.2 mmol/m2/day) generation at 10 ml/min with over 90% coulombic efficiency. The biofilm and suspended biomass, however, showed high resistance to CO2 flow fluctuations with Methanobacterium and Acetobacterium accounting for 80% of the total microbial community, which suggests the robustness of MES for onsite carbon conversion.
CitationBian, B., Xu, J., Katuri, K. P., & Saikaly, P. E. (2021). Resistance assessment of microbial electrosynthesis for biochemical production to changes in delivery methods and CO2 flow rates. Bioresource Technology, 319, 124177. doi:10.1016/j.biortech.2020.124177
SponsorsThis work was supported by Competitive Research Grant (URF/1/2985-01-01) from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).