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dc.contributor.authorAlkhudhiri, Abdullah
dc.contributor.authorBin Darwish, Nawaf
dc.contributor.authorHakami, Mohammed Wali
dc.contributor.authorAbdullah, AbdelKader
dc.contributor.authorAlsadun, Ahmed
dc.contributor.authorAbu Homod, Hosam
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-04T10:44:58Z
dc.date.available2020-10-04T10:44:58Z
dc.date.issued2020-09-28
dc.date.submitted2020-08-30
dc.identifier.citationAlkhudhiri, A., Bin Darwish, N., Hakami, M. W., Abdullah, A., Alsadun, A., & Abu Homod, H. (2020). Boron Removal by Membrane Distillation: A Comparison Study. Membranes, 10(10), 263. doi:10.3390/membranes10100263
dc.identifier.issn2077-0375
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/membranes10100263
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665421
dc.description.abstractSeveral Membrane Distillation (MD) technologies have been employed to remove boron from various concentrations. In this study, Vacuum Membrane Distillation (VMD), Permeate Gap Membrane Distillation (PGMD), and Air Gap Membrane Distillation (AGMD) are examined to evaluate their effectiveness when combined with several boron concentrations (1.5, 7 and 30 ppm) and operating parameters (circulation rate from 0.9 L/min to 5 L/min, feed temperature from 40 to 70 °C, and pH from 3–11). Those concentrations of boron are selected on the basis of the concentration of boron in the permeate side of the single-pass reverse osmosis (RO) system, Arabian Gulf, and contaminated brackish water. Moreover, synthetic seawater is treated to assess MD technologies’ effectiveness. A high removal efficiency of boron is accomplished by MD. AGMD, PGMD, and VMD are promising methods for the desalination industry. AGMD shows excellent boron removal, which was above 99% with a wide ranging concentration. In addition, VMD demonstrates good permeate flux compared to the other MD technologies, which were about 5.8 kg/m2·h for synthetic seawater. Furthermore, there is no noteworthy influence of the pH value on the boron removal efficiency.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was financially supported by the Energy and Water Research Institute / KACST, Saudi Arabia.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank the King Abdullah Institute for Nanotechnology and the King Saud University for the electron microscopy images. The authors also would like to thank Abdullah Alshammari, Mussa Al Eid, and Mohammad Alkhalaf, for the AAS and ICP analysis. The authors would like to thank Nora Alkhudhiri, for the proof reading of the manuscript.
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.mdpi.com/2077-0375/10/10/263
dc.rightsThis article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleBoron Removal by Membrane Distillation: A Comparison Study
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.journalMembranes
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionNational Center for Desalination & Water Treatment Technology, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST), Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia.
dc.contributor.institutionChemical Engineering Technology Department, Jubail Industrial College, Jubail Industrial City 31961, Saudi Arabia.
dc.contributor.institutionCollege of Engineering, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 655, AlKharj 11942, Saudi Arabia.
dc.identifier.volume10
dc.identifier.issue10
dc.identifier.pages263
dc.date.accepted2020-09-26
refterms.dateFOA2020-10-04T10:52:24Z


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This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution(CC BY) license.
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