KAUST DepartmentChemical Kinetics & Laser Sensors Laboratory
Clean Combustion Research Center
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberGINOP-2.3.4-15-2016-00004
Online Publication Date2020-09-11
Print Publication Date2020-09
Embargo End Date2022-09-11
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665364
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AbstractNOx mitigation is a central focus of combustion technologies with increasingly stringent emission regulations. NOx can also enhance the autoignition of hydrocarbon fuels and can promote soot oxidation. The reaction between allyl radical (C3H5) and NOx plays an important role in the oxidation kinetics of propene. In this work, we measured the absolute rate coefficients for the redox reaction between C3H5 and NOx over the temperature range of 1000-1252 K and pressure range of 1.5-5.0 bar using a shock tube and UV laser absorption technique. We produced C3H5 by shock heating of C3H5I behind reflected shock waves. Using a Ti:Sapphire laser system with frequency quadrupling, we monitored the kinetics of C3H5 at 220 nm. Unlike low-temperature chemistry, the two target reactions, C3H5 + NO → products (R1) and C3H5 + NO2 → products (R2), exhibited a strong positive temperature dependence for this radical-radical type reaction. However, these reactions did not show any pressure dependence over the pressure range of 1.5-5.0 bar, indicating that the measured rate coefficients are close to the high-pressure limit. The measured values of the rate coefficients resulted in the following Arrhenius expressions (in unit of cm3/molecule/s):k1 (C3H5 + NO) = 1.49 × 10-10exp (-6083.6K/T)(1017-1252 K) k2 (C3H5 + NO2) = 1.71 × 10-10exp (-3675.7K/T)(1062-1250 K) To our knowledge, these are the first high-temperature measurements of allyl + NOx reactions. The reported data will be highly useful in understanding the interaction of NOx with resonantly stabilized radicals as well as the mutual sensitization effect of NOx on hydrocarbon fuels.
CitationLiu, D., Giri, B. R., Szőri, M., Viskolcz, B., Essbar, E., & Farooq, A. (2020). On the redox reactions between allyl radicals and NO. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. doi:10.1016/j.proci.2020.06.331
SponsorsWe acknowledge the funding from the Office of Sponsored Research at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). M. Szőri thanks the support from GINOP-2.3.4-15-2016-00004.