Experimental and theoretical evidence for the temperature-determined evolution of PAH functional groups

Abstract
Elucidating the chemical evolution of various functional groups in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) and soot aids in understanding soot formation chemistry. In this work, the chemical evolution of various functional groups, including aromatic Csingle bondH, aliphatic Csingle bondH, C=O, Csingle bondOH and Csingle bondOsingle bondC bonds, was experimentally investigated online, rather than with offline diagnostics. Oxidation was performed in a jet-stirred reactor (JSR), fueled with benzene/C2H2/air/N2 and benzene/phenol/C2H2/N2 for a temperature range of 600-1400 K. Kinetic modelling, including ab initio quantum chemistry calculations, reaction rate coefficient calculations and JSR simulations, were conducted to interpret the experimental data and the evolutionary chemistry of the various functional groups. Results show that the formation of functional groups on PAH and oxygenated PAH (OPAH) are highly sensitive to temperature. Aliphatic Csingle bondH bonds survive mainly in the form of Csingle bondCH2single bondC, Csingle bondCH2single bondCH2single bondC or Ctriple bondCH functional groups above 1200 K, and exist in the CHdouble bondCH2 functional group below 1000 K. For the OPAH, the Csingle bondOsingle bondC functional group presents stronger thermal stability than Csingle bondOH and C=O functional groups. Simulation results indicate that HACA-like pathway (hydrogen abstraction carbon addition), in which C2H2 attacks the O atom, followed by cyclization and H-atom elimination reactions, qualitatively describe the formation of OPAH with the Csingle bondO-C functional group at different temperatures. The addition reaction involving PAH radical and C2H4 / C2H3 captures the evolution of PAH with the CHdouble bondCH2 functional group, but fails to explain the formation of Csingle bondCH2single bondC and Csingle bondCH2single bondCH2single bondC functional groups.

Citation
Liu, P., Chen, B., Li, Z., Bennett, A., Sioud, S., Pitsch, H., … Roberts, W. L. (2020). Experimental and theoretical evidence for the temperature-determined evolution of PAH functional groups. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute. doi:10.1016/j.proci.2020.07.119

Acknowledgements
The work at King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) was supported by the KAUST Clean Fuels Consortium (KCFC) and its member companies. Calculations were run with the support of KAUST Supercomputing Lab (Shaheen & Ibex). BC and HP gratefully acknowledge financial support by the Deutsch Forschungsgemeinschaft within the framework of the collaborative research center SFB/Transregio 129 “Oxyflame”.

Publisher
Elsevier BV

Journal
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

DOI
10.1016/j.proci.2020.07.119

Additional Links
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1540748920305708

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