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dc.contributor.authorAlmahasheer, Hanan
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-27T10:17:35Z
dc.date.available2020-09-27T10:17:35Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-27
dc.date.submitted2020-02-17
dc.identifier.citationAlmahasheer, H., & Duarte, C. M. (2020). Perceptions of Marine Environmental Issues by Saudi Citizens. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00600
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2020.00600
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665314
dc.description.abstractWe depend on the sea, economically, social well-being, and for the quality of our lives, yet direct and indirect human activities have affected the marine environment, causing many problems such as overfishing and pollution at the local scale and ocean warming and acidification at the global one. Hence, addressing the cumulative effects of these activities is required to conserve the marine environment for our current and future generations. Social commitment and support for these actions depend, however, on awareness and requires, therefore, an understanding of citizens’ awareness and perceptions on these issues. We assessed the awareness and the perceptions of Saudi citizens on ocean issues through an online questionnaire about environmental issues globally and in the country. The survey was completed by 1,524 Saudi citizens 18 years old and above, with different geographic distributions, gender, and educational status. The participants identified climate change within the top three global problems, with variable level of information and trust on different sources of environmental information. Littering, sewage pollution, and chemical pollution were identified as the top three major marine issues in Saudi Arabia, with the respondents demanding an immediate action through imposing fines to polluters and more regulatory constraints to activities that act as sources of pollution as well as supporting research in science and technologies to address these environmental issues.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank the participants in the survey for taking some of their time to answer this questionnaire and Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU) for helping in distributing this questionnaire to in-kingdom universities. We are also thankful to three intern students, Alanoud Alyami, Atheer Alghamdi, and Lama Aldossary.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2020.00600/full
dc.rightsThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titlePerceptions of Marine Environmental Issues by Saudi Citizens
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, College of Science, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
dc.identifier.volume7
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accepted2020-06-29
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85091000229
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-27T10:19:11Z


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This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.