Water/Ethanol Soluble p-Type Conjugated Polymers for the Use in Organic Photovoltaics
Andersson, Gunther G.
Lewis, David A.
Andersson, Mats R.
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665044
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractWe have developed two series of p-type conjugated polymers based on poly[2,3-bis-(3-octyloxyphenyl)quinoxaline-5,8-diyl-alt-thiophene-2,5-diyl] (TQ1) polymeric backbone utilizing polar pendant groups, i.e., tertiary amine and pyridine, to achieve switchable solubility in water and ethanol. By balancing the ratio between polar and non-polar side-groups, we could combine green-solvent processability with the manufacturing of functional photovoltaic devices. Due to the unavailability of water/alcohol soluble acceptors, the photovoltaic performance of these new polymers was evaluated using organic solvent by incorporating PC61BM. For water/alcohol soluble partial amine-based polymers, we achieve a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of ∼0.8% whereas alcohol soluble partial pyridine-based polymers show enhanced PCE of ∼1.3% with inverted device structure. We propose that the enhancement in PCE is a result of the reduction in amino-group content and the lower basicity of pyridine, both of which decrease the interaction between functionalized polymers with the anode interface material and reduce the miscibility of the donor and acceptor. Further improvement of the photovoltaic performance, in particular the open-circuit voltage (Voc), was achieved by using an anode buffer layer to mitigate the unfavorable interaction of the amino/pyridine groups with the MoO3 electrode. Our work demonstrated the possibility of substituent modification for conjugated polymers using tertiary amine and pyridine groups to achieve water/alcohol soluble and functional donor materials.
CitationPan, X., Sharma, A., Kroon, R., Gedefaw, D., Elmas, S., Yin, Y., … Andersson, M. R. (2020). Water/Ethanol Soluble p-Type Conjugated Polymers for the Use in Organic Photovoltaics. Frontiers in Materials, 7. doi:10.3389/fmats.2020.00281
SponsorsThe authors thank the Flinders University for financial support. This research was supported by the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Projects funding scheme (Projects DP170102467 and DP160102356). The facilities at Flinders University are supported by the Australian Nano Fabrication Facility (ANFF) and the Flinders Microscopy and Microanalysis (FMMA), which are gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks to Qian Li from the Key Laboratory of High Performance Polymer Materials and Technology of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University for the great help with GPC measurements. Funding. This research was supported by the Australian Research Council’s Discovery Projects funding scheme (Projects DP170102467 and DP160102356).
PublisherFrontiers Media SA
JournalFrontiers in Materials
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.