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dc.contributor.authorSchmidt-Roach, Sebastian
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorHauser, Charlotte
dc.contributor.authorAranda, Manuel
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-08T12:46:24Z
dc.date.available2020-09-08T12:46:24Z
dc.date.issued2020-08-13
dc.date.submitted2020-02-29
dc.identifier.citationSchmidt-Roach, S., Duarte, C. M., Hauser, C. A. E., & Aranda, M. (2020). Beyond Reef Restoration: Next-Generation Techniques for Coral Gardening, Landscaping, and Outreach. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. doi:10.3389/fmars.2020.00672
dc.identifier.issn2296-7745
dc.identifier.doi10.3389/fmars.2020.00672
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/665022
dc.description.abstractAnthropogenic disturbances have led to the degradation of coral reef systems globally, calling for proactive and progressive local strategies to manage individual ecosystems. Although restoration strategies such as assisted evolution have recently been proposed to enhance the performance of coral reef populations in response to current and future stressors, scalability of these concepts and implementation in habitat or ecosystem-wide management remains a major limitation for logistical and financial reasons. We propose to implement these restoration efforts into an ecotourism approach that embeds land-based coral gardening efforts as architectural landscape elements to enhance and beautify coastal development sites, providing additional value and rationale for ecotourism stakeholders to invest. Our approach extends and complements existing concepts integrating coral reef restoration in ecotourism projects by creating a participatory platform that can be experienced by the public, while effectively integrating numerous restoration techniques, and providing opportunities for long-term restoration and monitoring studies. In this context, we discuss options for pre-selection of corals and systematic, large-scale monitoring of coral genotype performance targeting higher resilience to future stressors. To reduce operating costs during out-planting, we suggest to create coral seeding hubs, clusters of closely transplanted conspecifics, to quickly and efficiently restore/enhance active reproduction. We discuss our land-based coral gardening approach in the context of positive impacts beyond reef restoration. By restoring and strengthening resilience of local populations, we believe this strategy will contribute to a net positive conservation impact, create a culture on restoration and enhance and secure blue economical investments that rely on healthy marine systems.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe would like to thank the two reviewers for constructive advice which helped to improve the manuscript. Funding. This work was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
dc.publisherFrontiers Media SA
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fmars.2020.00672/full
dc.rightsThis is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleBeyond Reef Restoration: Next-Generation Techniques for Coral Gardening, Landscaping, and Outreach
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.contributor.departmentComputational Bioscience Research Center (CBRC)
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.identifier.journalFrontiers in Marine Science
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.identifier.volume7
kaust.personSchmidt-Roach, Sebastian
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
kaust.personHauser, Charlotte
kaust.personAranda, Manuel
dc.date.accepted2020-07-23
dc.identifier.eid2-s2.0-85089939614
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-08T12:47:44Z


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This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the
original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.