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dc.contributor.authorBalloi, Annalisa
dc.contributor.authorLombardi, Emanuela
dc.contributor.authorTroiano, Federica
dc.contributor.authorPolo, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorCapitelli, Francesca
dc.contributor.authorGulotta, Davide
dc.contributor.authorToniolo, Lucia
dc.contributor.authorLucchini, Anna
dc.contributor.authorDaffonchio, Daniele
dc.identifier.citationBalloi, A., Lombardi, E., Troiano, F., Polo, A., Capitelli, F., Gulotta, D., Toniolo, L., Lucchini, A., & Daffonchio, D. (2017). Sulfate Reducing Bacteria as Bio-cleaning Agents: Development of New Methodologies and Study Cases. <i>Conservation Science in Cultural Heritage</i>, <i>Vol 15</i>, No 2 (2015): Special Issue for Second Conference on Biology and Archaeobiology – from Knowledge to Preventive Conservation.
dc.description.abstractIn the last decades, the contribution of different scientifi c disciplines in the fi eld of restoration and conservation of cultural heritage to fi nding alternative methods of investigation that are even more effective and fully respect artworks, operators and environment, has greatly increased. An example is the University of Milan patent that provides for the use of some specialized bacteria as cleaning agents. This method, known as biocleaning, is based on the use of Desulfovibrio vulgaris, a sulfate reducing bacterium, for the removal of sulfate alterations from stone surfaces. Recently, the university spin-off Micro4yoU purchased the patent by initiating a series of investments aimed at enhancing the commercial product from prototype. The present work describes: the desulfation mechanism operated by Desulfovibrio vulgaris and the technological shift necessary to obtain a biological formulation usable in situ, with two practical case studies.
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors are grateful to Alberto Gnesutta, descendant of the poetess Anna Zuccari and patron of the restoration work, and the Soprintendenza per i Beni Architettonici e Paesaggistici di Milano, Italy. For the work on the mural paintings of the Queen Theodolinda Chapel, the authors thank Gian Carlo Lanterna of OPD and Claudio Seccaroni, researcher at ENEA. A special thank you to Bresciani s.r.l. for the fi nancial support.
dc.publisherUniversity of
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License.
dc.titleSulfate reducing bacteria as bio-cleaning agents: Development of new methodologies and study cases
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentBioscience Program
dc.contributor.departmentExtreme Systems Microbiology Lab
dc.identifier.journalConservation Science in Cultural Heritage
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionMicro4yoU S.r.l., via Carlo Freguglia 2, 20122 Milan, Italy
dc.contributor.institutionDipartimento di Scienze per gli Alimenti, la Nutrizione e l'Ambiente, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 2, Milan 20133, Italy
dc.contributor.institutionAnna Lucchini Restauri S.r.l., Via Cardinale Mezzofanti, 20133 Milan, Italy
kaust.personDaffonchio, Daniele

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