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dc.contributor.authorCelik, Abdulkadir
dc.contributor.authorSalama, Khaled N.
dc.contributor.authorEltawil, Ahmed
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-28T12:43:08Z
dc.date.available2020-09-03T05:31:22Z
dc.date.available2021-07-28T12:43:08Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.date.submitted2020-09-01
dc.identifier.citationCelik, A., Salama, K. N., & Eltawil, A. (2020). The Internet of Bodies: A Systematic Survey on Propagation Characterization and Channel Modeling. doi:10.36227/techrxiv.12912752
dc.identifier.issn2372-2541
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/JIOT.2021.3098028
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/664925
dc.description.abstractThe Internet of Bodies (IoB) is an imminent extension to the vast Internet of things domain, where interconnected devices (e.g., worn, implanted, embedded, swallowed, etc.) located in-on-and-around the human body form a network. Thus, the IoB can enable a myriad of services and applications for a wide range of sectors, including medicine, safety, security, wellness, entertainment, to name but a few. Especially considering the recent health and economic crisis caused by novel coronavirus pandemic, a.k.a. COVID-19, the IoB can revolutionize today’s public health and safety infrastructure. Nonetheless, reaping the full benefit of IoB is still subject to addressing related risks, concerns, and challenges. Hence, this survey first outlines the IoB requirements and related communication and networking standards. Considering the lossy and heterogeneous dielectric properties of the human body, one of the major technical challenges is characterizing the behavior of the communication links in-on-and-around the human body. Therefore, this paper presents a systematic survey of channel modeling issues for various link types of human body communication (HBC) channels below 100 MHz, the narrowband (NB) channels between 400 MHz and 2.5 GHz, and ultra-wideband (UWB) channels from 3 to 10 GHz. After explaining bio-electromagnetics attributes of the human body, physical and numerical body phantoms are presented along with electromagnetic propagation tool models. Then, the first-order and the second-order channel statistics for NB and UWB channels are covered with a special emphasis on body posture, mobility, and antenna effects. For capacitively, galvanically, and magnetically coupled HBC channels, four different channel modeling methods (i.e., analytical, numerical, circuit, and empirical) are investigated, and electrode effects are discussed. Lastly, interested readers are provided with open research challenges and potential future research directions.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank Dr. Aslihan Kartci for her valuable discussions on Section V-C and help in preparing Table VIII, Table IX, and Figure 5. We also thank Ms. Kenan S. Sindi for her participation in preparing Table III and Table IV.
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherIEEE
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9490369/
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9490369/
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=9490369
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to IEEE Internet of Things Journal
dc.subjectInternet of things
dc.subjectbody area networks
dc.subjectphantoms
dc.subjectnarrowband
dc.subjectultra-wideband
dc.subjectcapacitive
dc.subjectgalvanic
dc.subjectbody channel
dc.subjectintra-body communications
dc.subjectchannel modeling.
dc.titleThe Internet of Bodies: A Systematic Survey on Propagation Characterization and Channel Modeling
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Program
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Internet of Things Journal
dc.eprint.versionPost-print
dc.contributor.affiliationKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST)
pubs.publication-statusSubmitted
kaust.personCelik, Abdulkadir
kaust.personSalama, Khaled N.
kaust.personEltawil, Ahmed Mohamed
refterms.dateFOA2020-09-03T05:31:22Z


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