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dc.contributor.authorDe Carlo, Thomas Mario
dc.contributor.authorGajdzik, Laura
dc.contributor.authorEllis, Joanne
dc.contributor.authorCoker, Darren James
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, May B.
dc.contributor.authorHammerman, Nicholas M.
dc.contributor.authorPandolfi, John M.
dc.contributor.authorMonroe, Alison
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.
dc.identifier.citationDeCarlo, T. M., Gajdzik, L., Ellis, J., Coker, D. J., Roberts, M. B., Hammerman, N. M., … Berumen, M. L. (2020). Nutrient-supplying ocean currents modulate coral bleaching susceptibility. Science Advances, 6(34), eabc5493. doi:10.1126/sciadv.abc5493
dc.description.abstractWith predictions that mass coral bleaching will occur annually within this century, conservation efforts must focus their limited resources based on an accurate understanding of the drivers of bleaching. Here, we provide spatial and temporal evidence that excess nutrients exacerbate the detrimental effects of heat stress to spark mass coral bleaching in the Red Sea. Exploiting this region’s unique oceanographic regime, where nutrients and heat stress vary independently, we demonstrate that the world’s third largest coral reef system historically suffered from severe mass bleaching only when exposed to both unusually high temperature and nutrients. Incorporating nutrient-supplying ocean currents and their variability into coral bleaching forecasts will be critical for effectively guiding efforts to safeguard the reefs most likely to persist in the Anthropocene.
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank L. Tanabe, S. Brown, A. Dunne, and T. Terraneo for assistance with field and laboratory aspects of this study; Dream Divers for logistical support; and A. Green for insightful discussions.
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport was provided by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) (Red Sea Research Center funding to M.L.B. and B. H. Jones, as well as baseline research funds to M.L.B.). Seawater sampling in 2011 was conducted under a Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI)/KAUST collaboration.
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
dc.rightsDistributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
dc.titleNutrient-supplying ocean currents modulate coral bleaching susceptibility
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentReef Ecology Lab
dc.identifier.journalScience Advances
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95060, USA.
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.
kaust.personDe Carlo, Thomas Mario
kaust.personGajdzik, Laura
kaust.personEllis, Joanne
kaust.personCoker, Darren James
kaust.personMonroe, Alison Ann
kaust.personBerumen, Michael L.

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial License 4.0 (CC BY-NC).
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