CO2 Derived E-Fuels: Research Trends, Misconceptions, and Future Directions
KAUST DepartmentChemical Engineering Program
Clean Combustion Research Center
Combustion and Pyrolysis Chemistry (CPC) Group
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Online Publication Date2020-08-15
Print Publication Date2020-09
Embargo End Date2021-08-15
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/664634
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractThe transport sector is responsible for nearly a quarter of total CO2 emissions and consumes more than 50% of the total liquid hydrocarbons produced, with more than 95% of the sector today continuing to rely on liquid hydrocarbons. There is an imminent need to commercialize low-carbon or carbon-neutral liquid hydrocarbon fuels using renewable H2 and CO2 as the building blocks, the so-called e-fuels. To completely replace the use of petroleum hydrocarbons, it is important for e-fuels to be fully (or to require very minor adaptations to be) compatible with existing fuel distribution infrastructure and vehicle technologies, such that they are literally drop-in replacements. This short opinion article highlights the necessary properties that e-fuels should display to become a drop-in alternative to traditional petroleum-derived fuels and revisits the current trends and limitations in the field of CO2 conversion to fuels.
CitationRamirez, A., Sarathy, S. M., & Gascon, J. (2020). CO2 Derived E-Fuels: Research Trends, Misconceptions, and Future Directions. Trends in Chemistry. doi:10.1016/j.trechm.2020.07.005
SponsorsKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology is gratefully acknowledged for financial support.
JournalTrends in Chemistry