An Integrated Photocatalytic and Photothermal Process for Solar-Driven Efficient Purification of Complex Contaminated Water
KAUST DepartmentEnvironmental Science and Engineering Program
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Water Desalination and Reuse CenterDivision of Biological and Environmental Sciences and EngineeringKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology Thuwal 23955-6900 Saudi Arabia
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Environmental Science and Engineering
Water Desalination and Reuse Research Center (WDRC)
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/664548
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AbstractWith the water and energy crises becoming critical issues for an increasingly industrialized society, solar-driven water purification technologies are highly desired for both potable water production and wastewater treatment. Herein, the performance of an integrated photocatalytic and photothermal composite, TiO2/Au-carbon nanotube (TiO2/Au-CNT)-coated SiC ceramic plate, in complex contaminated water treatment driven by solar energy is investigated. The short-wavelength part of the solar spectrum is used for simultaneous photo-oxidation of rhodamine B (RhB) (oxidation efficiency of ≈98.5%) and photo-reduction of Cr(VI) (reduction efficiency of ≈90.6%) in an integrated solar still device. A Z-scheme charge transfer mechanism with CNTs as an electron mediator is proposed and discussed for TiO2/Au-CNT-coated SiC ceramic plate. Meanwhile, the design here allowed the long-wavelength part of the solar spectrum to be utilized for high-quality potable clean water production via solar distillation with a solar-to-water evaporation efficiency of ≈72%. Therefore, this integrated photocatalytic and photothermal system can be utilized for potable water production and wastewater treatment in the same device with high solar energy utilization efficiency.
CitationShi, L., Shi, Y., Zhang, C., Zhuo, S., Wang, W., Li, R., & Wang, P. (2020). An Integrated Photocatalytic and Photothermal Process for Solar-Driven Efficient Purification of Complex Contaminated Water. Energy Technology. doi:10.1002/ente.202000456
SponsorsThis project is based upon work supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Center Applied Research Fund (CAF) awarded to the Water Desalination and Reuse Center (WDRC).