Synergetic Contributions in Phase Boundary Engineering to the Piezoelectricity of Potassium Sodium Niobate Lead-Free Piezoceramics
KAUST DepartmentDivision of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 239955, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Material Science and Engineering Program
Online Publication Date2020-08-04
Print Publication Date2020-09-02
Embargo End Date2021-08-04
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/664513
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AbstractAlthough the pronounced piezoelectricity was obtained in (K, Na)NbO3 piezoceramics with the phase boundary engineering (PBE), the physical mechanisms remain pending. Here we revealed for the first time how PBE influences the piezoelectric properties through synergetic contributions. Cryogenic experiments confirm that PBE constructs a phase coexistence, consisting of rhombohedral (R), orthorhombic (O), and tetragonal (T) phases, with a structural softening, by which a high piezoelectric coefficient d33 of 555 pC/N and the enhanced temperature stability of strain are achieved. The phenomenological theory and transmission electron microscope demonstrate that the superior d33 hinges on the flattened Gibbs free energy and the abundant nano-domains (10-80 nm), which respectively induce the enhanced permittivity and the coexisting single-domain and multi-domain zones. In particular, we disclosed a trade-off relationship between ferroelectric domains and polarnanoregions (PNRs) and found the “double-edged sword” role of PNRs in the piezoelectricity enhancement. Therefore, this work helps understand the physical mechanisms of the piezoelectricity enhancement, benefiting the future research of lead-free piezoceramics.
CitationLv, X., Zhang, J., Liu, Y., Li, F., Zhang, X., & Wu, J. (2020). Synergetic Contributions in Phase Boundary Engineering to the Piezoelectricity of Potassium Sodium Niobate Lead-Free Piezoceramics. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces. doi:10.1021/acsami.0c12424
SponsorsThe authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Nos. 51722208 and 51972215) and the Key Technologies Research and Development Program of Sichuan Province (No. 2018JY0007). Dr. X. Lv and Dr. J. Zhang contributed equally to this work.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)