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dc.contributor.authorSheykhali, Somaye
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Gracia, Juan
dc.contributor.authorTraveset, Anna
dc.contributor.authorZiegler, Maren
dc.contributor.authorVoolstra, Christian R
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorEguíluz, Víctor M
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-21T12:44:51Z
dc.date.available2020-06-21T12:44:51Z
dc.date.issued2020-06-17
dc.date.submitted2019-11-21
dc.identifier.citationSheykhali, S., Fernández-Gracia, J., Traveset, A., Ziegler, M., Voolstra, C. R., Duarte, C. M., & Eguíluz, V. M. (2020). Robustness to extinction and plasticity derived from mutualistic bipartite ecological networks. Scientific Reports, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-020-66131-5
dc.identifier.issn2045-2322
dc.identifier.pmid32555279
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-020-66131-5
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-020-72922-7
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/663738
dc.description.abstractUnderstanding the response of ecological networks to perturbations and disruptive events is needed to anticipate the biodiversity loss and extinction cascades. Here, we study how network plasticity reshapes the topology of mutualistic networks in response to species loss. We analyze more than one hundred empirical mutualistic networks and considered random and targeted removal as mechanisms of species extinction. Network plasticity is modeled as either random rewiring, as the most parsimonious approach, or resource affinity-driven rewiring, as a proxy for encoding the phylogenetic similarity and functional redundancy among species. This redundancy should be positively correlated with the robustness of an ecosystem, as functions can be taken by other species once one of them is extinct. We show that effective modularity, i.e. the ability of an ecosystem to adapt or restructure, increases with increasing numbers of extinctions, and with decreasing the replacement probability. Importantly, modularity is mostly affected by the extinction rather than by rewiring mechanisms. These changes in community structure are reflected in the robustness and stability due to their positive correlation with modularity. Resource affinity-driven rewiring offers an increase of modularity, robustness, and stability which could be an evolutionary favored mechanism to prevent a cascade of co-extinctions.
dc.description.sponsorshipS.Sh., J.F.G. and V.M.E. acknowledge funding by Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) through project SPASIMM FIS2016-80067-P (AEI/FEDER, UE). J.F.G. acknowledges funding through the postdoc program of the University of the Balearic Islands.
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-66131-5
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-66131-5.pdf
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleRobustness to extinction and plasticity derived from mutualistic bipartite ecological networks.
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalScientific Reports
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos IFISC (CSIC-UIB), Palma de Mallorca, E-07122, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), E07121, Esporles, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Animal Ecology & Systematics, Justus Liebig University, Heinrich-Buf-Ring 26-32 IFZ, 35392, Giessen, Germany.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, 78457, Germany.
dc.identifier.volume10
dc.identifier.issue1
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accepted2020-04-28
refterms.dateFOA2020-06-21T12:45:33Z
dc.date.published-online2020-06-17
dc.date.published-print2020-12


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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.