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dc.contributor.authorYaacoub, Elias
dc.contributor.authorAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-22T13:17:55Z
dc.date.available2020-03-22T13:17:55Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.date.submitted2019-06-30
dc.identifier.citationYaacoub, E., & Alouini, M.-S. (2020). A Key 6G Challenge and Opportunity--Connecting the Base of the Pyramid: A Survey on Rural Connectivity. Proceedings of the IEEE, 1–50. doi:10.1109/jproc.2020.2976703
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/JPROC.2020.2976703
dc.identifier.doi10.36227/techrxiv.11828808
dc.identifier.doi10.36227/techrxiv.11828808.v1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/662259
dc.description.abstractProviding connectivity to around half of the world population living in rural or underprivileged areas is a tremendous challenge, but, at the same time, a unique opportunity. Access to the Internet would provide the population living in these areas a possibility to progress on the educational, health, environment, and business levels. In this article, a survey of technologies for providing connectivity to rural areas, which can help address this challenge, is provided. Although access/fronthaul and backhaul techniques are discussed in this article, it is noted that the major limitation for providing connectivity to rural and underprivileged areas is the cost of backhaul deployment. In addition, energy requirements and cost-efficiency of the studied technologies are analyzed. In fact, the challenges faced for deploying an electricity network, as a prerequisite for deploying communication networks, are huge in these areas, and they are granted an important share of the discussions in this article. Furthermore, typical application scenarios in rural areas are discussed, and several country-specific use cases are surveyed. The main initiatives by key international players aiming to provide rural connectivity are also described. Moreover, directions for the future evolution of rural connectivity are outlined in this article. Although there is no single solution that can solve all rural connectivity problems, building gradually on the current achievements in order to reach ubiquitous connectivity, while taking into account the particularities of each region and tailoring the solution accordingly, seems to be the most suitable path to follow.
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/9042251/
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/stamp/stamp.jsp?tp=&arnumber=9042251
dc.rights(c) 2020 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
dc.subject6G
dc.subjectbackhaul
dc.subjectfronthaul
dc.subjectrural connectivity
dc.subjectsatellite
dc.subjectwireless communications.
dc.titleA Key 6G Challenge and Opportunity--Connecting the Base of the Pyramid: A Survey on Rural Connectivity
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentCommunication Theory Lab
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Program
dc.identifier.journalProceedings of the IEEE
dc.eprint.versionPre-print
dc.contributor.institutionAmerican University of Beirut (AUB), Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon. He is now with the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar
dc.identifier.arxivid1906.11541
kaust.personAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
dc.date.accepted2020-02-20
refterms.dateFOA2020-12-06T11:53:56Z
dc.date.published-online2020-03-19
dc.date.published-print2020-04


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