A coralline alga gains tolerance to ocean acidification over multiple generations of exposure
AuthorsCornwall, C. E.
De Carlo, Thomas Mario
McCulloch, Malcolm T.
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Online Publication Date2020-01-20
Print Publication Date2020-02
Embargo End Date2020-07-20
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/661361
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractCrustose coralline algae play a crucial role in the building of reefs in the photic zones of nearshore ecosystems globally, and are highly susceptible to ocean acidification1–3. Nevertheless, the extent to which ecologically important crustose coralline algae can gain tolerance to ocean acidification over multiple generations of exposure is unknown. We show that, while calcification of juvenile crustose coralline algae is initially highly sensitive to ocean acidification, after six generations of exposure the effects of ocean acidification disappear. A reciprocal transplant experiment conducted on the seventh generation, where half of all replicates were interchanged across treatments, confirmed that they had acquired tolerance to low pH and not simply to laboratory conditions. Neither exposure to greater pH variability, nor chemical conditions within the micro-scale calcifying fluid internally, appeared to play a role in fostering this capacity. Our results demonstrate that reef-accreting taxa can gain tolerance to ocean acidification over multiple generations of exposure, suggesting that some of these cosmopolitan species could maintain their critical ecological role in reef formation.
CitationCornwall, C. E., Comeau, S., DeCarlo, T. M., Larcombe, E., Moore, B., Giltrow, K., … McCulloch, M. T. (2020). A coralline alga gains tolerance to ocean acidification over multiple generations of exposure. Nature Climate Change, 10(2), 143–146. doi:10.1038/s41558-019-0681-8
SponsorsWe thank A.-M. Nisumaa-Comeau, G. Ellwood and J. P. D’Olivo for laboratory assistance; V. Schoepf and S. McCoy for comments on a previous version; and R. Townsend from the Western Australian Museum for training in species’ identification. M.T.M. was supported by an Australian Research Council (ARC) Laureate Fellowship (no. FL120100049) and C.E.C. and T.M.D. by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (grant no. CE140100020). S.C. was supported by an ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher Award (no. DE160100668). C.E.C. was also supported by a Rutherford Discovery Fellowship from The Royal Society of New Zealand Te Apārangi (no. RDF-VUW1701).
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
JournalNature Climate Change