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dc.contributor.authorEguíluz, V. M.
dc.contributor.authorSalazar, Guillem
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Gracia, Juan
dc.contributor.authorPearman, John K.
dc.contributor.authorGasol, Josep M
dc.contributor.authorAcinas, Silvia G
dc.contributor.authorSunagawa, Shinichi
dc.contributor.authorIrigoien, Xabier
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-12-15T12:08:34Z
dc.date.available2019-12-15T12:08:34Z
dc.date.issued2019-12-10
dc.identifier.citationEguíluz, V. M., Salazar, G., Fernández-Gracia, J., Pearman, J. K., Gasol, J. M., Acinas, S. G., … Duarte, C. M. (2019). Scaling of species distribution explains the vast potential marine prokaryote diversity. Scientific Reports, 9(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-019-54936-y
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41598-019-54936-y
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/660573
dc.description.abstractGlobal ocean expeditions have provided minimum estimates of ocean's prokaryote diversity, supported by apparent asymptotes in the number of prokaryotes with sampling effort, of about 40,000 species, representing <1% of the species cataloged in the Earth Microbiome Project, despite being the largest habitat in the biosphere. Here we demonstrate that the abundance of prokaryote OTUs follows a scaling that can be represented by a power-law distribution, and as a consequence, we demonstrate, mathematically and through simulations, that the asymptote of rarefaction curves is an apparent one, which is only reached with sample sizes approaching the entire ecosystem. We experimentally confirm these findings using exhaustive repeated sampling of a prokaryote community in the Red Sea and the exploration of global assessments of prokaryote diversity in the ocean. Our findings indicate that, far from having achieved a thorough sampling of prokaryote species abundance in the ocean, global expeditions provide just a start for this quest as the richness in the global ocean is much larger than estimated.
dc.description.sponsorshipTis research was funded by the Malaspina Circumnavigation Expedition supported by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through project Consolider-Ingenio Malaspina 2010 (CSD2008-00077) as well as King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding to C.M. Duarte and X. Irigoien; by Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI) and Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) through projects SPASIMM FIS2016-80067-P (AEI/FEDER, UE) and REMEI (CTM2015-70340-R); and by the Spanish State Research Agency through the María de Maeztu Program for Units of Excellence in R&D (MDM2017-0711 to IFISC). S.S. is supported by the ETH and Helmut Horten Foundation. We thank Craig Michel for sequencing library preparation and Laura Casas for laboratory work. Further, we thank Naroa Aldanondo, Susana Carvalho, Amr Gusti, Karie Holtermann, Ioannis Georgakakis, Nazia Mojib and Tane Sinclair-Taylor as well as the personnel of the Coastal & Marine Resources core laboratory (CMOR) for their help in undertaking the sampling.
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-54936-y
dc.relation.urlhttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-54936-y.pdf
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
dc.titleScaling of species distribution explains the vast potential marine prokaryote diversity.
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Red Sea Research Center (RSRC), Thuwal, 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia.
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.identifier.journalScientific reports
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, Institute of Microbiology and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, ETH Zurich, Vladimir-Prelog-Weg 1-5/10, CH-8093, Zurich, Switzerland.
dc.contributor.institutionInstituto de Física Interdisciplinar y Sistemas Complejos IFISC (CSIC-UIB), E07122, Palma de Mallorca, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartament de Biologia Marina i Oceanografia, Institut de Ciències del Mar-CSIC, Pg. Marítim de la Barceloneta 37-49, 08003, Barcelona, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionAZTI - Marine Research, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea z/g, Pasaia (Gipuzkoa), 20110, Spain.
kaust.personEguíluz, Victor M
kaust.personPearman, John K.
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2019-12-15T12:09:10Z
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitCMOR
kaust.acknowledged.supportUnitcore laboratory
dc.date.published-online2019-12-10
dc.date.published-print2019-12


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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Te images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder.