Ecological effects of non-native species in marine ecosystems relate to co-occurring anthropogenic pressures.
Anton Gamazo, Andrea
Lovelock, Catherine E
Apostolaki, Eugenia T
Pandolfi, John M
Duarte, Carlos M.
KAUST DepartmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Embargo End Date2020-11-24
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/660454
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractPredictors for the ecological effects of non-native species are lacking, even though such knowledge is fundamental to manage non-native species and mitigate their impacts. Current theories suggest that the ecological effects of non-native species may be related to other concomitant anthropogenic stressors, but this has not been tested at a global scale. We combine an exhaustive meta-analysis of the ecological effects of marine non-native species with human footprint proxies to determine whether the ecological changes due to non-native species are modulated by co-occurring anthropogenic impacts. We found that non-native species had greater negative effects on native biodiversity where human population was high and caused reductions in individual performance where cumulative human impacts were large. On this basis we identified several marine ecoregions where non-native species may have the greatest ecological effects, including areas in the Mediterranean Sea and along the northwest coast of the USA. In conclusion, our global assessment suggests co-existing anthropogenic impacts can intensify the ecological effects of non-native species.
CitationGeraldi, N. R., Anton, A., Santana-Garcon, J., Bennett, S., Marbà, N., Lovelock, C. E., … Duarte, C. M. (2019). Ecological effects of non-native species in marine ecosystems relate to co-occurring anthropogenic pressures. Global Change Biology. doi:10.1111/gcb.14930
SponsorsThis research was supported by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) through baseline funding to C.M.D., by Horizon 2020 Framework Programme (EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation H2020) (grant no. 659246) to S.B., by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Agencia Estatal de Investigación (Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación) (grant no. FJCI – 2016 – 30728) to S.B., by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Agencia Estatal de Investigación (Spanish Agencia Estatal de Investigación) (grant no. CGL 2015 – 71809 – P) to N.M., J.S.-G. and S.B., and by the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies (grant no. CE 140100020) to J.M.P and others. The authors declare they have no conflict of interest.
JournalGlobal change biology