Analyzing the solid soot particulates formed in a fuel-rich flame by solvent-free MALDI FT ICR mass spectrometry.
KAUST DepartmentChemical Engineering Program
Clean Combustion Research Center
Combustion and Pyrolysis Chemistry (CPC) Group
Mechanical Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberOSR-1026-CRG5-C3033
Online Publication Date2020-01-15
Print Publication Date2020-02-28
Embargo End Date2020-11-23
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/660446
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractRATIONALE:The compositional and structural information of the soot particles is essential for a better understanding of the chemistry and mechanism during the combustion. The aim of the present study was to develop a method to analyze such soot particulate samples with high complexity and poor solubility. METHODS:The solvent-free sample preparation MALDI technique was combined with the ultrahigh resolution FT ICR mass spectrometry for the characterization of solid soot particulates. Moreover, a modified iso-abundance plot (Carbon Number vs. Hydrogen Number vs. Abundance) was introduced to visualize the distributions of various chemical species, and to examine the agreement between the hydrogen- abstraction- carbon- addition (HACA) mechanism and the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon growth in the investigated flame system. RESULTS:This solvent-free MALDI method enabled the effective ionization of the solid soot particulates without any dissolving procedure. With the accurate m/z ratios from FT ICR MS, a unique chemical formula was assigned to each of the recorded mass signals. The combustion products were proven to be mainly large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, together with a small amount (<5%) of oxidized hydrocarbons. CONCLUSIONS:The developed method provides a new approach for the molecular characterization of soot particulates like carbonaceous materials. The investigated soot particulates are mainly polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) with no or very short aliphatic chains. The PAHs growth mechanism during combustion can be examined against the classic HACA mechanism.
CitationZhang, W., Shao, C., & Sarathy, S. M. (2019). Analyzing the solid soot particulates formed in a fuel-rich flame by solvent-free MALDI FT ICR mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. doi:10.1002/rcm.8596
SponsorsThe work was supported by the KAUST Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. OSR-1026-CRG5-C3033, and Saudi Aramco under the FUELCOM program. This research used resources of the Core Labs of King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).