Mobile-surface bubbles and droplets coalesce faster but bounce stronger
AuthorsVakarelski, Ivan Uriev
Chan, Derek Y. C.
Thoroddsen, Sigurdur T
KAUST DepartmentPhysical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
Mechanical Engineering Program
Division of Physical Science and Engineering, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal 23955-6900, Saudi Arabia
Clean Combustion Research Center
Online Publication Date2019-10-25
Print Publication Date2019-10
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/659541
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AbstractEnhancing the hydrodynamic interfacial mobility of bubbles and droplets in multiphase systems is expected to reduce the characteristic coalescence times and thereby affect the stability of gas or liquid emulsions that are of wide industrial and biological importance. However, by comparing the controlled collision of bubbles or water droplets with mobile or immobile liquid interfaces, in a pure fluorocarbon liquid, we demonstrate that collisions involving mobile surfaces result in a significantly stronger series of rebounds before the rapid coalescence event. The stronger rebound is explained by the lower viscous dissipation during collisions involving mobile surfaces. We present direct numerical simulations to confirm that the observed rebound is enhanced with increased surface mobility. These observations require a reassessment of the role of surface mobility for controlling the dynamic stability of gas or liquid emulsion systems relevant to a wide range of processes, from microfluidics and pharmaceuticals to food and crude oil processing.
CitationVakarelski, I. U., Yang, F., Tian, Y. S., Li, E. Q., Chan, D. Y. C., & Thoroddsen, S. T. (2019). Mobile-surface bubbles and droplets coalesce faster but bounce stronger. Science Advances, 5(10), eaaw4292. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aaw4292
SponsorsWe acknowledge the use of the Gerris solver in our investigation. We thank R. Manica and E. Klaseboer for early involvement in the project related to the experiment theoretical modeling attempts. Last, we acknowledge two anonymous reviewers for the constructive suggestions including the three-phase simulations.
Funding: The experimental and computational work was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. E.Q.L. was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China grants nos. 11772327, 11972339, and 11621202. D.Y.C.C. was supported by the Australian Research Council through a Discovery Project grant no. DP170100376.