New Insight on the Role of Electrolyte Additives in Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries
Alshareef, Husam N.
KAUST DepartmentChemical Science Program
Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Research Group
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Material Science and Engineering Program
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Embargo End Date2020-10-08
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/658594
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AbstractSolid electrolyte interphase (SEI)-forming agents such as vinylene carbonate, sulfone, and cyclic sulfate are commonly believed to be film-forming additives in lithium-ion batteries that help to enhance graphite anode stability. However, we find that the film-forming effect and the resultant SEI may not be the only reasons for the enhanced graphite stability. This is because the as-formed SEI cannot inhibit Li+–solvent co-intercalation once the additive is removed from the electrolyte. Instead, we show that the Li+ solvation structure, which is modified by these additives, plays a critical role in achieving reversible Li+ (de)intercalation within graphite. This discovery is confirmed in both carbonate and ether-based electrolytes. We show that the problem of graphite exfoliation caused by Li+–solvent co-intercalation can be mitigated by adding ethene sulfate to tune the Li+ coordination structure. This work brings new insight into the role of additives in electrolytes, expanding the prevailing thinking over the past 2 decades. In addition, this finding can guide the design of more versatile electrolytes for advanced rechargeable metal-ion batteries.
CitationMing, J., Cao, Z., Wu, Y., Wahyudi, W., Wang, W., Guo, X., … Alshareef, H. N. (2019). New Insight on the Role of Electrolyte Additives in Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries. ACS Energy Letters, 2613–2622. doi:10.1021/acsenergylett.9b01441
SponsorsThe research reported in this publication was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21978281)and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST). The authors also acknowledge fruitful discussions with the research scientists at Huzhou Kunlun Power Battery Materials Co., LTD.
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society (ACS)
JournalACS Energy Letters