Ultralong cycle stability of aqueous zinc-ion batteries with zinc vanadium oxide cathodes
KAUST DepartmentChemical Science Program
Homogeneous Catalysis Laboratory (HCL)
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Physical Science and Engineering (PSE) Division
Online Publication Date2019-10-04
Print Publication Date2019-10
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/658588
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AbstractRechargeable aqueous zinc-ion batteries are promising candidates for large-scale energy storage but are plagued by the lack of cathode materials with both excellent rate capability and adequate cycle life span. We overcome this barrier by designing a novel hierarchically porous structure of Zn-vanadium oxide material. This Zn0.3V2O5·1.5H2O cathode delivers a high specific capacity of 426 mA·h g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 and exhibits an unprecedented superlong-term cyclic stability with a capacity retention of 96% over 20,000 cycles at 10 A g−1. Its electrochemical mechanism is elucidated. The lattice contraction induced by zinc intercalation and the expansion caused by hydronium intercalation cancel each other and allow the lattice to remain constant during charge/discharge, favoring cyclic stability. The hierarchically porous structure provides abundant contact with electrolyte, shortens ion diffusion path, and provides cushion for relieving strain generated during electrochemical processes, facilitating both fast kinetics and long-term stability.
CitationWang, L., Huang, K.-W., Chen, J., & Zheng, J. (2019). Ultralong cycle stability of aqueous zinc-ion batteries with zinc vanadium oxide cathodes. Science Advances, 5(10), eaax4279. doi:10.1126/sciadv.aax4279
SponsorsFunding: We acknowledge financial support from the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC-21627805, 21673004, and 21821004) and MOST (2017YFA0204702) China.