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dc.contributor.authorMacreadie, Peter I
dc.contributor.authorAnton Gamazo, Andrea
dc.contributor.authorRaven, John A
dc.contributor.authorBeaumont, Nicola
dc.contributor.authorConnolly, Rod M
dc.contributor.authorFriess, Daniel A
dc.contributor.authorKelleway, Jeffrey J
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Hilary
dc.contributor.authorKuwae, Tomohiro
dc.contributor.authorLavery, P. S.
dc.contributor.authorLovelock, Catherine E
dc.contributor.authorSmale, Dan A
dc.contributor.authorApostolaki, Eugenia T
dc.contributor.authorAtwood, Trisha B
dc.contributor.authorBaldock, Jeff
dc.contributor.authorBianchi, Thomas S
dc.contributor.authorChmura, Gail L
dc.contributor.authorEyre, Bradley D
dc.contributor.authorFourqurean, J. W.
dc.contributor.authorHall-Spencer, Jason M
dc.contributor.authorHuxham, Mark
dc.contributor.authorHendriks, Iris E
dc.contributor.authorKrause-Jensen, Dorte
dc.contributor.authorLaffoley, Dan
dc.contributor.authorLuisetti, Tiziana
dc.contributor.authorMarbà, Núria
dc.contributor.authorMasqué, Pere
dc.contributor.authorMcGlathery, Karen J
dc.contributor.authorMegonigal, J Patrick
dc.contributor.authorMurdiyarso, Daniel
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Bayden D
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Rui
dc.contributor.authorSerrano, Oscar
dc.contributor.authorSilliman, Brian R
dc.contributor.authorWatanabe, Kenta
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-10T07:26:05Z
dc.date.available2019-09-10T07:26:05Z
dc.date.issued2019-09-07
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-019-11693-w
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656707
dc.description.abstractThe term Blue Carbon (BC) was first coined a decade ago to describe the disproportionately large contribution of coastal vegetated ecosystems to global carbon sequestration. The role of BC in climate change mitigation and adaptation has now reached international prominence. To help prioritise future research, we assembled leading experts in the field to agree upon the top-ten pending questions in BC science. Understanding how climate change affects carbon accumulation in mature BC ecosystems and during their restoration was a high priority. Controversial questions included the role of carbonate and macroalgae in BC cycling, and the degree to which greenhouse gases are released following disturbance of BC ecosystems. Scientists seek improved precision of the extent of BC ecosystems; techniques to determine BC provenance; understanding of the factors that influence sequestration in BC ecosystems, with the corresponding value of BC; and the management actions that are effective in enhancing this value. Overall this overview provides a comprehensive road map for the coming decades on future research in BC science.
dc.description.sponsorshipP.I.M. and C.E.L. were supported by an Australian Research Council Linkage Project (LP160100242). C.M.D. was supported by baseline funding from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology. T.K. and K.W. were supported by JSPS KAKENHI (18H04156) and the Environment Research and Technology Development Fund (S-14) of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan. B.D.E. was supported by Australian Research Council grants DP160100248 and LP150100519. D.A.S. was supported by the UK Natural Environment Research Council (NE/K008439/1), and D.K.J. was supported by the CARMA project (8021-00222B), funded by the Independent Research Fund Denmark. Funding was provided to P.M. by the Generalitat de Catalunya (MERS, 2017SGR 1588) and an Australian Research Council LIEF Project (LE170100219). This work is contributing to the ICTA ‘Unit of Excellence’ (MinECo, MDM2015-0552). O.S. was supported by an ARC DECRA (DE170101524). N.M. was supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (MedShift project). N.B. was supported by the UK Research Councils under Natural Environment Research Council award NE/N013573/1. J.W.F. was supported by the US National Science Foundation through the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research program under Grant No. DEB-1237517. R.S. had the support of FCT, project FCT UID/MAR/00350/2018. I.E.H. was supported by Ramon y Cajal Fellowship RYC2014-14970, co-funded by the Conselleria d’Innovació, Recerca i Turisme of the Balearic Government and the Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness. The University of Dundee is a registered Scottish charity, no. 015096. J.P.M. was supported by the Smithsonian Institution and the National Science Foundation Long-Term Research in Environmental Biology Program (DEB-0950080, DEB-1457100, DEB-1557009).
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-11693-w
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleThe future of Blue Carbon science.
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.identifier.journalNature communications
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionDeakin University, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Center for Integrative Ecology, Geelong, VIC, 3125, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionDivision of Plant Sciences, University of Dundee at the James Hutton Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee, DD2 5DQ, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionPlymouth Marine Laboratory, Prospect Place, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionAustralian Rivers Institute-Coast & Estuaries, School of Environment and Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, 4222, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Geography, National University of Singapore, 1 Arts Link, Singapore, 117570, Singapore.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Earth, Atmospheric and Life Sciences, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, 2522, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Menai bridge, Bangor, LL59 5AB, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionCoastal and Estuarine Environment Research Group, Port and Airport Research Institute, 3-1-1 Nagase, Yokosuka, 239-0826, Japan.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Science, Centre for Marine Ecosystems Research, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Drive, Joondalup, WA, 6027, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD, 4072, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionMarine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, Citadel Hill, Plymouth, PL1 2PB, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, PO Box 2214, 71003, Heraklion, Crete, Greece.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Watershed Sciences and Ecology Center, Utah State University, Logan, UT, 84322-5210, USA.
dc.contributor.institutionCSIRO Agriculture and Food, Private Mail Bag, Glen Osmond, SA, 5064, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Geological Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 32611-2120, USA.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Geography, McGill University, 805 Sherbrooke St W, Montreal, QC, H3A 0B9, Canada.
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Coastal Biogeochemistry, School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, Lismore, NSW, 2480, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological Science, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA, 6009, Australia.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Biological and Marine Sciences, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionSchool of Applied Sciences, Edinburgh University, Edinburgh, EH11 4BN, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionGlobal Change Research Group, IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avançats, Miquel Marquès 21, Esporles, 07190, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej 25, Silkeborg, 8600, Denmark.
dc.contributor.institutionWorld Commission on Protected Areas, IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
dc.contributor.institutionCentre for Environment, Fisheries, and Aquaculture Science, Lowestoft, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Environmental Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlotttesville, VA, 22903, USA.
dc.contributor.institutionSmithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Road, Edgewater, MD, 21037, USA.
dc.contributor.institutionCenter for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Jl. CIFOR, Situgede, Bogor, 16115, Indonesia.
dc.contributor.institutionSwire Institute of Marine Science, School of Biological Sciences, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, China.
dc.contributor.institutionCenter of Marine Sciences, CCMAR, University of Algarve, Faro, 8005-139, Portugal.
dc.contributor.institutionNicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, 135 Duke Marine Lab Road, Beaufort, NC, 28516, USA.
kaust.personAnton Gamazo, Andrea
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2019-09-10T07:26:48Z


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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.