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dc.contributor.authorSaeed, Nasir
dc.contributor.authorAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
dc.contributor.authorAl-Naffouri, Tareq Y.
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-21T08:08:29Z
dc.date.available2019-08-21T08:08:29Z
dc.date.issued2019-08-09
dc.identifier.citationSaeed, N., Alouini, M.-S., & Al-Naffouri, T. Y. (2019). Towards the Internet of Underground Things: A Systematic Survey. IEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials, 1–1. doi:10.1109/comst.2019.2934365
dc.identifier.doi10.1109/comst.2019.2934365
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656560
dc.description.abstractThis paper provides recent advances in the area of Internet of Underground Things (IoUT) with emphasis on enabling communication technologies, networking issues, and localization techniques. IoUT is enabled by underground things (sensors), communication technology, and networking protocols. This new paradigm of IoUT facilitates the integration of sensing and communication in the underground environment for various industries, such as oil and gas, agriculture, seismic mapping, and border monitoring. These applications require to gather relevant information from the deployed underground things. However, the harsh underground propagation environment including sand, rock, and watersheds do not allow the use of single communication technology for information transfer between the surface and the underground things. Therefore, various wireless and wired communication technologies are used for underground communication. The wireless technologies are based on acoustic waves, electromagnetic waves, magnetic induction and visible light communication while the wired technologies use coaxial cable and optical fibers. In this paper, state-of-art communication technologies are surveyed, and the respective networking and localization techniques for IoUT are presented. Moreover, the advances and applications of IoUT are also reported. Also, new research challenges for the design and implementation of IoUT are identified.
dc.publisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
dc.relation.urlhttps://ieeexplore.ieee.org/document/8793165/
dc.rights(c) 2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other users, including reprinting/ republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted components of this work in other works.
dc.subjectInternet of Underground Things
dc.subjectcommunication
dc.subjectnetworking
dc.subjectlocalization
dc.subjectsurvey.
dc.titleTowards the Internet of Underground Things: A Systematic Survey
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentComputer Electrical and Mathematical Sciences & Engineering (CEMSE) Division, KAUST, Thuwal, Makkah Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 23955-6900.
dc.contributor.departmentComputer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering (CEMSE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentElectrical Engineering Program
dc.identifier.journalIEEE Communications Surveys & Tutorials
dc.eprint.versionAccepted Manuscript
kaust.personSaeed, Nasir
kaust.personAlouini, Mohamed-Slim
kaust.personAl-Naffouri, Tareq Y.
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-21T08:09:33Z
dc.date.published-online2019-08-09
dc.date.published-print2019


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