Optimizing Pd:Zn molar Ratio in PdZn/CeO2 for CO2 Hydrogenation to Methanol
AuthorsOjelade, Opeyemi A.
Zaman, Sharif F.
Daous, Muhammad A.
Al-Zahrani, Abdulrahim A.
Malik, Ali S.
KAUST DepartmentAdvanced Catalytic Materials, KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC), King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, 23955, Saudi Arabia
Chemical and Biological Engineering Program
KAUST Catalysis Center (KCC)
Physical Sciences and Engineering (PSE) Division
KAUST Grant NumberJP-19-001
Online Publication Date2019-07-30
Print Publication Date2019-07
Embargo End Date2021-07-30
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656511
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AbstractWe report the compositional optimization of Pd:Zn/CeO2 catalysts prepared via sol-gel chelatization for the hydrogenation of CO2 under mild reaction conditions. The formation of a PdZn alloy, which is the main active phase for this reaction, was maximized for the catalyst with a Pd to Zn ratio close to 1. For this catalyst, a maximum conversion of 14%, close to thermodynamic equilibrium, and high selectivity to methanol (95%) were achieved at 220 °C, 20 bar, 2400 h−1 GHSV and H2:CO2 stoichiometric ratio of 3:1. The formation of PdZn alloys was achieved by reducing the catalyst precursor at 550 °C under hydrogen flow and confirmed by XRD. XPS study confirmed the presence of Pd°, being maximum for the optimized catalyst composition. At lower temperature, i.e. 180 °C, 1.0PdZn catalyst showed 100% selectivity to methanol with 8% CO2 conversion. RWGS reaction is responsible for the production of CO and its selectivity increases with temperature. In situ DRIFTS suggests that CO2 is activated as adsorbed CO3- species over CeO2. Surface micro-kinetics demonstrates that methanol can be formed either via formaldehyde or formic acid surface intermediates.
CitationOjelade, O. A., Zaman, S. F., Daous, M. A., Al-Zahrani, A. A., Malik, A. S., Driss, H., … Gascon, J. (2019). Optimizing Pd:Zn molar Ratio in PdZn/CeO2 for CO2 Hydrogenation to Methanol. Applied Catalysis A: General, 117185. doi:10.1016/j.apcata.2019.117185
SponsorsThis joint project was co-founded by King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, under grant number “JP-19-001”. The authors, therefore, acknowledge KAU and KAUST for their technical and financial support.
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General