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dc.contributor.authorde Los Santos, Carmen B
dc.contributor.authorKrause-Jensen, Dorte
dc.contributor.authorAlcoverro, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorMarbà, Núria
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Carlos M.
dc.contributor.authorvan Katwijk, Marieke M
dc.contributor.authorPérez, Marta
dc.contributor.authorRomero, Javier
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Lizaso, José L
dc.contributor.authorRoca, Guillem
dc.contributor.authorJankowska, Emilia
dc.contributor.authorPérez-Lloréns, José Lucas
dc.contributor.authorFournier, Jérôme
dc.contributor.authorMontefalcone, Monica
dc.contributor.authorPergent, Gérard
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Juan M
dc.contributor.authorCabaço, Susana
dc.contributor.authorCook, Kevan
dc.contributor.authorWilkes, Robert J
dc.contributor.authorMoy, Frithjof E
dc.contributor.authorTrayter, Gregori Muñoz-Ramos
dc.contributor.authorArañó, Xavier Seglar
dc.contributor.authorde Jong, Dick J
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Torquemada, Yolanda
dc.contributor.authorAuby, Isabelle
dc.contributor.authorVergara, Juan J
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Rui
dc.date.accessioned2019-08-18T08:36:14Z
dc.date.available2019-08-18T08:36:14Z
dc.date.issued2019-07-26
dc.identifier.citationDe los Santos, C. B., Krause-Jensen, D., Alcoverro, T., Marbà, N., Duarte, C. M., van Katwijk, M. M., … Santos, R. (2019). Recent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows. Nature Communications, 10(1). doi:10.1038/s41467-019-11340-4
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-019-11340-4
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656457
dc.description.abstractSeagrass meadows, key ecosystems supporting fisheries, carbon sequestration and coastal protection, are globally threatened. In Europe, loss and recovery of seagrasses are reported, but the changes in extent and density at the continental scale remain unclear. Here we collate assessments of changes from 1869 to 2016 and show that 1/3 of European seagrass area was lost due to disease, deteriorated water quality, and coastal development, with losses peaking in the 1970s and 1980s. Since then, loss rates slowed down for most of the species and fast-growing species recovered in some locations, making the net rate of change in seagrass area experience a reversal in the 2000s, while density metrics improved or remained stable in most sites. Our results demonstrate that decline is not the generalised state among seagrasses nowadays in Europe, in contrast with global assessments, and that deceleration and reversal of declining trends is possible, expectingly bringing back the services they provide.
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the COST Action ES0906. C.B.d.l.S. acknowledges the support by the Short-Term Scientific Missions (COST-STSM-ES0906-06377, -06441 and -06419) and the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT) fellowship (SFRH/BPD/119344/2016). C.B.d.l.S. and R.S. acknowledge the support of FCT through project UID/Multi/04326/2019. D.K-J. was supported by the European Union (WISER 226273), the Danish Strategic Science Foundation (NOVAGRASS, 0603-00003DSF), and the Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark (33010-NIFA-16-651). N.M. was supported by Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness (MedShift, CGL2015-71809-P), by the European Union (M&M’s, EVK3-CT-2000–00044 and WISER 226273), by the Fundación BBVA (Proyecto Praderas), and the Spanish Government (MEDEIG. CTM2009–07013). King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) supported C.M.D. through baseline funding. J.M.R. acknowledges the project Monitoring network of Posidonia oceanica meadows and global climate change of the Murcia Region funded by the Autonomous Government of the Murcia Region (General Directorate of Livestock and Fishery), the European Fishery Fund (EFF 2007–2013), and European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF 2014–2020), and the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Economy and Competitiveness (UMBRAL, CTM2017-86695-C3-2-R).
dc.publisherSpringer Nature
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-019-11340-4
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.titleRecent trend reversal for declining European seagrass meadows.
dc.typeArticle
dc.contributor.departmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
dc.contributor.departmentMarine Science Program
dc.contributor.departmentRed Sea Research Center (RSRC)
dc.identifier.journalNature communications
dc.eprint.versionPublisher's Version/PDF
dc.contributor.institutionCentre of Marine Sciences of Algarve (CCMAR), University of Algarve, Gambelas, 8005-139, Faro, Portugal.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Vejlsøvej 25, 8600, Silkeborg, Denmark.
dc.contributor.institutionCentre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Carretera Acc, Cala Sant Francesc 14, 17300, Blanes, Girona, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionGlobal Change Research Group, Institut Mediterrani d'Estudis Avançats (IMEDEA, CSIC-UIB), Miquel Marquès 21, 07190, Esporles, Illes Balears, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Environmental Science, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Radboud University Nijmegen, Heyendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Evolutionary Biology, Ecology, and Environmental Sciences, University of Barcelona, Av. Diagonal 643, 08028, Barcelona, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Marine Sciences and Applied Biology, University of Alicante, PO BOX 99, 03080, Alicante, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Oceanology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Powstańców Warszawy 55, 81-712, Sopot, Poland.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment of Biology, Faculty of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Marine Research Institute, University of Cádiz, 11510, Puerto Real, Cádiz, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionMuséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, CNRS UMR 7204 Centre d'Ecologie et des Sciences de la Conservation, Station de Biologie Marine, Place de la Croix BP225, 29182, Concarneau Cedex, France.
dc.contributor.institutionDiSTAV, Department of Earth, Environment and Life Sciences, University of Genoa, Corso Europa 26, 16132, Genoa, Italy.
dc.contributor.institutionCoastal Ecosystem Team (FRES 3041/UMR 6134), University of Corsica, BP 52, 20250, Corte, France.
dc.contributor.institutionSeagrass Ecology Group, Oceanographic Center of Murcia, Spanish Institute of Oceanography, C/Varadero, 30740, San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionNatural England, Pydar House, Truro, TR1 1XU, UK.
dc.contributor.institutionEnvironmental Protection Agency, John Moore Road, Castlebar, F23 KT91, Co. Mayo, Ireland.
dc.contributor.institutionInstitute of Marine Research, P.O.Box 1870 Nordnes, 5817, Bergen, Norway.
dc.contributor.institutionMedi Ambient, Ajuntament de Badalona, Plaça de la Vila 1, 08911, Badalona, Barcelona, Spain.
dc.contributor.institutionDepartment Sea and Delta, Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, Rijkswaterstaat, 4330 KA, Middelburg, The Netherlands.
dc.contributor.institutionLER Arcachon-Anglet, IFREMER, Quai du commandant Silhouette, 33120, Arcachon, France.
kaust.personDuarte, Carlos M.
refterms.dateFOA2019-08-18T08:39:26Z
dc.date.published-online2019-07-26
dc.date.published-print2019-12


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This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.