Hendriks, Iris E
Sejr, Mikael Kristian
Duarte, Carlos M.
KAUST DepartmentBiological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering (BESE) Division
Marine Science Program
Red Sea Research Center (RSRC)
Online Publication Date2016-12-14
Print Publication Date2016-12
Permanent link to this recordhttp://hdl.handle.net/10754/656417
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AbstractConcern on the impacts of ocean acidification on calcifiers, such as bivalves, sea urchins, and foraminifers, has led to efforts to understand the controls on pH in their habitats, which include kelp forests and seagrass meadows. The metabolism of these habitats can lead to diel fluctuation in pH with increases during the day and declines at night, suggesting no net effect on pH at time scales longer than daily. We examined the capacity of subarctic and Arctic kelps to up-regulate pH in situ and experimentally tested the role of photoperiod in determining the capacity of Arctic macrophytes to up-regulate pH. Field observations at photoperiods of 15 and 24 hours in Greenland combined with experimental manipulations of photoperiod show that photoperiods longer than 21 hours, characteristic of Arctic summers, are conducive to sustained up-regulation of pH by kelp photosynthesis. We report a gradual increase in pH of 0.15 units and a parallel decline in pCO2 of 100 parts per million over a 10-day period in an Arctic kelp forest over midsummer, with ample scope for continued pH increase during the months of continuous daylight. Experimental increase in CO2 concentration further stimulated the capacity of macrophytes to deplete CO2 and increase pH. We conclude that long photoperiods in Arctic summers support sustained up-regulation of pH in kelp forests, with potential benefits for calcifiers, and propose that this mechanism may increase with the projected expansion of Arctic vegetation in response to warming and loss of sea ice.
CitationKrause-Jensen, D., Marbà, N., Sanz-Martin, M., Hendriks, I. E., Thyrring, J., Carstensen, J., … Duarte, C. M. (2016). Long photoperiods sustain high pH in Arctic kelp forests. Science Advances, 2(12), e1501938. doi:10.1126/sciadv.1501938
SponsorsWe are grateful to J. Baldrich Justel [IMEDEA/Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain] and K. Linding Gerlich (Aarhus University, Denmark) for help in the laboratory and M. Blicher (Greenland Institute of Natural Resources, Greenland), K. Akaaraq, E. Mølgaard, and O. Stecher (Arctic Station, Disko Island, University of Copenhagen, Denmark) for help in the field. Funding: The study was funded by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency within the Danish Cooperation for Environment in the Arctic. It is also a contribution to the Greenland Ecosystem Monitoring program (www.G-E-M.dk) and the Arctic Science Partnership (www.asp-net.org). M.S.-M. was supported by a Fundación “La Caixa” fellowship (Spain).
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Krause-Jensen, D., Marbà, N., Sanz-Martín, M., Hendriks, I. E., Thyrring, J., Carstensen, J., Sejr, M. K., & Duarte, C. M. (2016). Long photoperiods sustain high pH in Arctic kelp forests Dataset [Data set]. Digital.CSIC. https://doi.org/10.20350/DIGITALCSIC/7392. DOI: 10.20350/digitalCSIC/7392 Handle: 10754/662319
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